Parental Engagement in Schooling: A Survey of Secondary Schools in Kwara State, Nigeria


  • Martins Olanrewaju Atunde Department of Research and Development, Brightlight Research & ICT Centre, London
  • Abdulganiyu Adebayo Tijani Department of Educational Management, University of Ilorin, Nigeria
  • Johnson Abiodun Medupin Department of Educational Management & Counseling, Al-Hikmah University, Nigeria
  • Ijeoma Charity Ogbudinkpa Department of Educational Management, University of Ilorin, Nigeria
  • Janet Oluwakemi Oladejobi Department of Educational Management, University of Ilorin, Nigeria


This study inquired about parental engagement (PE) in schooling, focusing on secondary school students in Kwara State, Nigeria. The study also examined the existing differentials in parental engagements based on school type, geographic location, and students’ academic level. To accomplish the objectives, a descriptive survey design was adopted for the research. One thousand two hundred and ninety-six students were sampled from 72 secondary schools with multi-stage sampling procedures. A questionnaire titled “Parental Engagement Assessment Questionnaire” (PIAQ) was utilized as a data collection instrument. Mean scores, standard deviation, t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were appropriate statistical tools used in analyzing the collected data. The key finding made known was that the general level of parental engagement in schooling among secondary school students in Kwara State was moderate. Explicitly, students in private schools experienced higher PE than those in public schools; students schooling within the Kwara Central senatorial district experienced higher PE than those in Kwara-South and Kwara-North respectively; even in grade 10 students received a higher level of PE compared to those in grade 11 and grade 12 respectively. The study concluded that, despite the moderate level of PE in secondary school students schooling, significant disparities exist based on school ownership, geographic/senatorial distribution, and students’ academic level. Thus, further studies are needed to investigate other students’ characteristics that determine PE.


Academic Level, Geographical Location, Parental Engagement, Schooling, School Ownership


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How to Cite

Olanrewaju Atunde, M., Adebayo Tijani, A. ., Abiodun Medupin, J. ., Charity Ogbudinkpa, I. ., & Oluwakemi Oladejobi, J. . (2023). Parental Engagement in Schooling: A Survey of Secondary Schools in Kwara State, Nigeria. International Journal of Emerging Issues in Social Science, Arts and Humanities ( IJEISSAH), 1(2), 21-37. Retrieved from