Ethics and Malpractice Publication Statement

International Journal of Management and Human Sciences (IJMHS) (e-ISSN: 2590-3748) expects all authors to adhere to ethical requirements in the preparation of their manuscript. The journal follows publication ethics that ensures the integrity of scientific publishing and confidence in published articles.

Corresponding author should confirm that the content of the manuscript or a major portion of the article has not been published previously in a refereed journal, and it is not being submitted fully or partially for publication elsewhere. They should notify that manuscript has been read and agreed by all listed authors.

After publication corresponding author should sign the Copyright Transfer Agreement Form which is included following items:

Copyright Policies
1. The author and each co-author shall transfer and sell to the publisher for the length of the copyright starting from the moment the present agreement comes into force the exclusive rights to the materials, including the rights to translate, reproduce, transfer, distribute or otherwise use the materials or parts (fragments) contained therein, for publication in scientific, academic, technical or professional journals or other periodicals and other derivative works, worldwide, in English, in print or electronic editions of such journals, periodicals and derivative works in all media or formats now existing or that may exist in future, as well as the right to license (or give permission to) third parties to use the materials for publication in such journals, periodicals and derivative works worldwide. The transfer under this agreement includes the right to adapt the presentation of the materials for use in conjunction with computer systems and programs, reproduction or publication in machine-readable format and incorporation into retrieval systems.

2. Reproduction, placement, transfer or any other distribution or use of the materials, or any parts of the materials contained therein, in any way permitted under this Agreement, shall be accompanied by a reference to the journal and mentioned of the publisher, namely: the title of the article, the name of the author (co-author), the name of the journal, volume/number, copyright of the publisher.

Reserved Rights
The author (co-author) or the employer of the author (co-author) of the materials shall retain all proprietary rights (except for the rights transferred to the publisher under the present agreement).

Authors' Gurantee
The author (co-author) guarantees that the materials are original work, submitted only to IJMHS, and have not been published previously.
In case the materials were written jointly with co-author(s), the author guarantees that he/she has informed them of the terms of this agreement and obtained their signatures or written permission to sign on their behalf.
The author guarantees as well that:
• The materials do not contain defamatory statements
• The materials do not infringe on other persons' rights (including without limitation copyrights, patent rights and the trademark right)
• The materials do not contain facts or instructions that can cause damage or injury to third parties and their publication does not cause the disclosure of any secret or confidential information

Editorial Policies
The journal aims to publish the best papers worldwide, and to serve as a forum for discussion, career paths, and future trends. Submissions may cover a wide range of topics in management and human science but should always relate to the advancement in the field. The journal encourages submissions relating to new technologies, findings and future trends. Papers submitted to the peer-reviewed section of the journal should advance the existing literature with original ideas or original research.

Peer Review Process
Submitted manuscripts will be reviewed by the editorial board and will be accepted if they meet the IJMHS criteria and stand in agreement with the standards of the journal.
Reviewers deal with manuscripts blindly and discuss the remarks in editorial meetings. Reviews are then sent to the corresponding author for suggested modifications and the corrected version of the manuscript will be peer-reviewed for a second time by two or three external reviewers.

Open Access Policy
This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public support for a greater global exchange of knowledge. The full Text of all published articles is free and open accessible. All are linked with Google Scholar. There is no charge associated.

Creative Commons
All articles published by academic Journals are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. This permits anyone to copy, redistribute, remix, transmit and adapt the work provided the original work and source is appropriately cited.

Publication Ethics
The journal expects all authors to adhere to ethical requirements in the preparation of their manuscript. The journal is in compliance with publication ethics that ensures the integrity of scientific publishing and confidence in published articles.

Plagiarism Policies
This journal considers plagiarism as a serious offense. This journal uses the Turnitin Similarity detection application to check each manuscript for possible cases of plagiarism. Plagiarism check is the first step in the manuscript review process. Manuscripts that are found to contain undesirable level of similarity with other published works are immediately rejected. Submitted manuscripts should be the original works of the author(s).

Waiver Policies
The generous waiver system of the journal maintains no payment policy. There is no manuscript handling charge / Article Processing Charges (APC) when researchers choose to publish their manuscripts in our journal. Our primary goal is to accelerate the propagation of knowledge through the publication of high-quality research articles. We are continually pursuing this goal, without putting undue financial burden on researchers or their institutions. This adheres to open access policy of the journal.

Archiving Policies
The journal follows PKP Open Journal System. The LOCKSS program offers decentralized and distributed preservation, seamless perpetual access, and preservation of the authentic original version of the content. The journal allows PKP Preservation Network (PKP PN) to digitally preserve OJS journals. All the articles published by the journal is committed to the long-term preservation of its content.

Article Withdrawal
Only used for articles in press which represent early versions of articles and sometimes contain errors or may have been accidentally submitted twice. Occasionally, but less frequently, the articles may represent infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submission, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like. Articles in press (articles that have been accepted for publication but which have not been formally published and will not yet have the complete volume/issue/page information) that include errors, or are discovered to be accidental duplicates of other published article(s), or are determined to violate our journal publishing ethics guidelines in the view of the editors (such as multiple submission, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like), may be 'withdrawn' from the journal. Withdrawn means that the article content (HTML and PDF) is removed and replaced with a HTML page and PDF simply stating that the article has been withdrawn according to the International Journal of Management and Human Sciences (IJMHS) Policy on article in press withdrawal with a link to the current policy document.

Article Retraction
Infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submission, false claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like. Occasionally a retraction will be used to correct errors in submission or publication. The retraction of an article by its authors or the editor under the advice of members of the scholarly community has long been an occasional feature of the learned world. Standards for dealing with retractions will be adopted for article retraction by International Journal of Management and Human Sciences.

Article Removal
Legal Limitations: In an extremely limited number of cases, it may be necessary to remove an article from the online database. This will only occur where the article is clearly defamatory, or infringes others’ legal rights, or where the article is, or we have good reason to expect it will be, the subject of a court order, or where the article, if acted upon, might pose a serious health risk. In these circumstances, while the metadata (title and authors) will be retained, the text will be replaced.

Article Replacement: In cases where the article, if acted upon, might pose a serious health risk, the authors of the original article may wish to retract the flawed original and replace it with a corrected version. In these circumstances the procedures for retraction will be followed.

Conflict of Interest: Journal submissions are assigned to editors to minimize potential conflicts of interest. The following relationships between editors and authors are considered conflicts and are avoided: current colleagues, recent colleagues, recent co-authors, and doctoral students for which editor served as committee chair. After papers are assigned, individual editors are required to inform the managing editor of any conflicts not included in the list above. If none of the editors satisfy all of the conflict screens, co-editors who are least conflicted will be assigned to the manuscript. In addition, co-editors who are least conflicted are assigned for all paper submissions by sitting editors. Journal submissions are also assigned to referees to minimize conflicts of interest. After papers are assigned, referees are asked to inform the editor of any conflicts that may exist.

Authors: When they submit a manuscript as the article authors are responsible for recognizing and disclosing financial and other conflicts of interest that might bias their work. They should acknowledge in the manuscript all financial support for the work and other financial or personal connections to the work.

Reviewers: External peer reviewers should disclose to editors any conflicts of interest that could bias their opinions of the manuscript, and they should disqualify themselves from reviewing specific manuscripts if they believe it appropriate. The editors must be made aware of reviewers’ conflicts of interest to interpret the reviews and judge for themselves whether the reviewer should be disqualified. Reviewers should not use knowledge of the work, before its publication, to further their own interests.

NB: Completion and signing the Copyright Transfer Agreement Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest is necessary for all authors and the articles submission will not be accepted without filling this form.

Research Data
Data sharing enables others to reuse the results of experiments and supports the creation of new science that is built on previous findings, making the research process more efficient.  Data sharing also supports transparency and reproducibility, building trust in science. International Journal of Management and Human Sciences (IJMHS) is playing a key role in supporting researchers who want to store, share, discover and reuse data and we are committed to working with other stakeholders to address challenges in making data more effective. Although much research data is disseminated as part of journal articles, a host of other data is not made available through article publication. This policy concerns research data that often underlies but exists outside of research articles. Publishers can help make this hidden data discoverable and our research data policy provides the framework for our support and engagement in this important area. The precise notion of what constitutes research data will differ from field to field but broadly speaking it refers to the result of observations or experimentations that validate research findings and which are not already published as part of a journal article. Research data can include but are not limited to raw data, processed data, software, algorithms, protocols, methods, materials.

The following principles underpin International Journal of Management and Human Sciences (IJMHS):
• Research data should be made available free of charge to all researchers wherever possible and with minimal reuse restrictions
• Researchers should remain in control of how and when their research data is accessed and used and should be recognized and valued for the investments, they make in creating their research data and making it available
• Expectations and practices around research data vary between disciplines and discipline-specific requirements need to be considered
• Enabling effective reuse of research data is a shared aim and all stakeholders should work together to pursue this collectively, to find efficiencies and avoid duplication of effort
• Platforms, publications, tools, and curation services can enhance research data by improving their discoverability, use, reuse, and citation
• Where others add value and/or incur significant cost in enhancing research data to enable its reuse, these contributions need to be recognized and valued