TO COMPARE THE COGNITIVE ABILITY OF PRECLINICAL MEDICAL STUDENTS AT DIFFERENT TIMES OF THE WORKING DAY AND CORRELATE THIS WITH THEIR MORNINGNESS-EVENINGNESS STATUS

Authors

  • Cheong Vi Vian MAHSA University,Selangor
  • Aiza Jasmin binti Zulkifli MAHSA University,Selangor
  • Ahmed Naqiyuddin bin Hishamudin MAHSA University,Selangor
  • Lee Fei Xian MAHSA University,Selangor
  • Jaeverinna Ann Anak Henry Barry MAHSA University,Selangor
  • Ong Tjun Yee MAHSA University,Selangor
  • Tan Boon Chung MAHSA University,Selangor
  • Nur Safinah binti Abdul Rashid Gan MAHSA University,Selangor
  • Dr. Madhumita Sen MAHSA University,Selangor
  • Dr. Kavita Mohandas MAHSA University,Selangor

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31674/mjmr.2019.v03i01.005

Abstract

Introduction: Student’s cognitive levels have been implicated with their learning ability, whether they are the morning type or evening type. Morningness-eveningness refers to individual differences in circadian phase position of spontaneous sleep-wake rhythms and to subject alertness. Objective: To determine if there is an association between time of day and cognitive levels. Methodology: This project was a questionnaire study, and 137 volunteers were recruited from Year 2 preclinical medical students Batch 8 in MAHSA University. Pre-study, each research subject filled in a Student's Circadian Rhythm questionnaire. Word-finding crossword puzzles were used to estimate the cognitive level of subjects and were administered at two fixed times during a normal working day. Results: Our results indicate that 32.12% of the students are of the evening type, 9.49% are of the morning type and 58.39% of the students tested were neither morning nor evening types. We also found no relationship between their status (morning-type or evening-type) and their cognitive level, as most of the students performed better in the mornings. Conclusion: Our study has shown that the cognitive level is higher in the morning as compared to the evening in all types of students.

Keywords:

Cognition, Diurnal variation, Morningness-eveningness, Circadian Rhythm

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Published

2019-01-02

How to Cite

Cheong Vi Vian, Aiza Jasmin binti Zulkifli, Ahmed Naqiyuddin bin Hishamudin, Lee Fei Xian, Jaeverinna Ann Anak Henry Barry, Ong Tjun Yee, Tan Boon Chung, Nur Safinah binti Abdul Rashid Gan, Dr. Madhumita Sen, & Dr. Kavita Mohandas. (2019). TO COMPARE THE COGNITIVE ABILITY OF PRECLINICAL MEDICAL STUDENTS AT DIFFERENT TIMES OF THE WORKING DAY AND CORRELATE THIS WITH THEIR MORNINGNESS-EVENINGNESS STATUS. Malaysian Journal of Medical Research (MJMR), 3(1), 29-40. https://doi.org/10.31674/mjmr.2019.v03i01.005