RISK FACTORS FOR MALNUTRITION OF CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEARS OLD ON THE AREA OF NANGGALO PUBLIC HEALTH CENTER PADANG WEST SUMATERA
Background: Children under five years are quite vulnerable to a nutritional disorder. Prevalence malnutrition of children under five are still problematic in Indonesia (19.6%) including in West Sumatera with a prevalence of 21%. Nutritional status is influenced by several factors, such as economi, imunization status, infectious disease, breastfeeding history. This study is aimed to determine malnutrition of children under five years old as well as to identify the correlation between risk factors and malnutrition on the area of Nanggalo Public Health Center, Padang West Sumatera.
Methodology: The design of this study was observational analytical study with case-control research design to identify risk factors associated with malnutrition in children under five years old. The population was all children aged of under five years old at the area of Nanggalo Public Health Center. Sample was 26 malnutrition children, while the control sample was 26 normal children. Data was collected through interview and measurement. Data analysis was conducted in univariate, bivariate (chi-square test), and multivariate analyze (logistic regression analysis).
Result : According to 52 subjects of case control in the area of Nanggalo Public Health Center Padang, there was a significant association between economi (p=0,006 OR=6,107 95% CI=1,836-20,315), imunization status (p=0,002 OR=7,500 95% CI=2,181-25,795), infectious disease (p=0,002 OR=7,367 95% CI=2,163-25,093) and breastfeeding history (p=0,012 OR=5,333 95% CI=1,595-17,829) to malnutrition.
Conclusion: In this study, there was a significant correlation among the variable of economi, imunization status, infectious disease, breastfeeding history on children’s malnutrition. The most dominating factor was infectious disease and immunization status.
Keywords:Malnutrition, Economi, Immunization Status, Infectious Disease, Breastfeeding History
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