HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA IN THE NEONATAL PERIOD RELATED TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF TODDLERS
Hyperbilirubinemia is often found in the first week after birth. The most common cause of hyperbilirubinemia is an increase in serum indirect bilirubin levels. This research is motivated by several studies and theories which suggest that one of the causes of developmental disorders in children is the result of hyperbilirubinemia in the neonatal period. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of hyperbilirubinemia in the neonatal period on the level of development of toddler age children in the Tasikmalaya City area. The benefits of research as evidence-based practice about the effect of hyperbilirubinemia in the neonatal period on the level of development of toddler age children.
The study design used cohort with retrospective approach. The population of all toddler-age children in the city of Tasikmalaya with a sample of toddler age children who had a history of hyperbilirubinemia in the period 2013 to 2015. The sample consisted of 56 children who did not experience hyperbilirubinemia in the neonatal period and 32 children who experienced hyperbilirubinemia in the neonatal period. By using chi-square data analysis is to see whether there is a relationship or threat to see the contribution of confounding factors.
The results showed that there was a significant effect of hyperbilirubinemia in the neonatal period on the level of development of toddler age children (p value= 0.00). Confounding variables that contribute are developmental stimulation and phototherapy. Suggestions for health workers, especially nurses, should improve the detection of babies with hyperbilirubinemia so that they can be treated early.
Keywords:Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonate, Toddler Age
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