IMPACT OF HEALTH EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM UPON CAREGIVERS’ KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICES FOR PSYCHOSOCIAL PROBLEMS OF ACUTE LEUKEMIA ADOLESCENT PATIENTS
Leukemic patients express of psychosocial impact of cancer and its treatment, the caregivers can provide psychosocial care at home. The study aims to improve the psychosocial problems among adolescent leukemic patients. A quasi experimental study was carried to detect Blood Diseases at Nanakali Hospital, Erbil city, Kurdistan region, Iraq, from the period of 1st October 2010 to 1st of October 2011. Seventy caregivers (35 controls and 35 cases) and their adolescent’s acute leukemia patients were participated in the study. Most caregivers were mother’s patient; the Mean and SD of caregivers’ age were between 41.7±9.176 for control group and 40 ± 8.15 for study group, illiterate, from rural areas, and living with low socioeconomic status (SES). The mean age of the adolescents was14.94±2.950 in control group and 14.83±3.535 of study group most of them were males, and complain of acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) in control and study groups respectively. The study reveals highly significant proportions between caregiver’s knowledge and practices at p-value 0.001, 0.028, 0.003 and 0.012 in study groups respectively. It has been found that there are highly significant differences between pre and post-tests (1 and 2) at p-value 0.002, 0.016, 0.012 and 0.002 respectively. Health educational program had positive impact on caregivers; knowledge and practice and found that some aspects of psychosocial problems such as worry, body image, communication and interpersonal relationship of study group were improved. The study recommended nurses should consider utilizing such program to improve psychosocial problems among leukemic patients’.
Keywords:Caregivers, Psychosocial problems, Leukemic Adolescent
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