Knowledge, Awareness, and Perception on Contraception Among Women of Reproductive Age Attending Senawang Health Clinic


  • Hemarani Nachimuthu Department of Pharmacy, Senawang Health Clinic, 70450 Seremban, Negeri Sembilan, Ministry of Health, Malaysia
  • Hemah Devi Department of Psychiatry, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Seri Kembangan, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Nandini Karunanithi Senawang Health Clinic, 70450 Seremban, Negeri Sembilan, Ministry of Health, Malaysia


Introduction: Sexual and reproductive health (SRH) are fundamental human rights, which lies with the right of individuals and couples to freely decide the number, timing and spacing of children. Moreover, every individual should receive adequate information and knowledge to make those decisions, and the right to attain the highest standard of SRH. Objective: The aim is to measure the knowledge, awareness, and perceptions on contraception among WRA in Klinik Kesihatan Senawang. Material & Methods. This research is a Cross-Sectional Questionnaire-Based Study Design. A descriptive study with a quantitative approach in gathering data was conducted. A simple random sampling was used in this study to obtain the target participants. The target population are WRA which was selected based on their age ranging between 18 to 49 years.The data analysis was done using the SPSS version 22.In this study, descriptive data was expressed as mean. One-way ANOVA was used for analysis of normally distributed variables. A value of p < 0.05 are considered statistically significant.The data collected was analysed to find the differences between the means of the independent variables mentioned in this study. Results: The total numbers of participants involved in this study were 251. The mean for the total knowledge score is 2.02 (SD±0.50) and the ethnicity had no statistically significant association. Mean for the total awareness score was 3.55 (SD±0.63) and all sociodemographic characteristics showed statistically significant association with awareness. The mean for the total perception score is 3.58 (SD±0.48) and the ethnicity did not show statistically significant associations with perception. Conclusion.The study showed that the KAP about contraception among WRA attending Klinik Kesihatan Senawang were unsatisfactory.


Knowledge, Awareness, Perception, Contraception, Women of reproductive age.


Download data is not yet available.


Adefalu, A. A., Ladipo, O. A., Akinyemi, O. O., Popoola, O. A., Latunji, O. O., & Iyanda, O. (2018). Awareness and opinions regarding contraception by women of reproductive age in north-west Nigeria. Pan African Medical Journal, 30.

Ahmad, A., Awad, A., Elkalmi, R., Jamshed, S., Khan, M., Srikanth, A., Ab Hadi, H., &Abdurhaman, N. (2015). Knowledge, awareness, and perception of contraception among senior pharmacy students in Malaysia: A pilot study. Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice, 4(2), 94.

Akintade, O., Pengpid, S., Peltzer, K (2011) Awareness and use of and barriers to family planning services among female university students in Lesotho, South African journal of obstetrics and gynaecology, 17(3), 72-78

Anwar, M., Sulaiman, S. A., Ahmadi, K., & Khan, T. M. (2010). Awareness of school students on sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and their sexual behavior: A cross-sectional study conducted in pulau Pinang, Malaysia. BMC Public Health, 10(1).

Azmi, N. L., Amanina, N. F., Nik Romainor, N. M., Abdul Rahman, M. H., &Mohd Sharif, M. S. (2020). Knowledge, Awareness and Perception about Contraception among Pharmacy Staffs: A Single Centre Experience. Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice,4(2).

Bankole, O. M., &Onasote, A. O. (2016). Awareness and sources of contraception information among female university students in Nigeria. Information Development, 33(2), 199-209.

Bekele, D., Surur, F., Nigatu, B., Teklu, A., Getinet, T., Kassa, M., Gebremedhin, M., Gebremichael, B., &Abesha, Y. (2020). Knowledge and attitude towards family planning among women of reproductive age in emerging regions of Ethiopia. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, 13, 1463-1474.

Eniojukan, F. J. (2016). Knowledge, perception and practice of contraception among staff and students in a University community in delta state, Nigeria. UK Journal of Pharmaceutical Biosciences, 4(1).

Fatimah, R. S., Hafizah, N. H., &Munirah, S. A. (2019). Nowldege, awareness D perception of contraception among University students in Malaysia. KnE Life Sciences.

Gosavi, A., Ma, Y., Wong, H., & Singh, K. (2016). Knowledge and factors determining choice of contraception among Singaporean women. Singapore Medical Journal, 57(11), 610-615.

Hall, K. S., Castaño, P. M., Stone, P. W., &Westhoff, C. (2010). Measuring oral contraceptive knowledge: A review of research findings and limitations. Patient Education and Counseling, 81(3), 388-394.

Hogmark, S., Klingberg-Allvin, M., Gemzell-Danielsson, K., Ohlsson, H., &Essén, B. (2013). Medical students’ knowledge, attitudes and perceptions towards contraceptive use and counselling: A cross-sectional survey in Maharashtra, India. BMJ Open, 3(12), e003739.

Jain, R., & Muralidhar, S. (2011). Contraceptive methods: Needs, options and utilization. The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India, 61(6), 626-634.

Kara, W. S., Benedicto, M., & Mao, J. (2019). Knowledge, attitude, and practice of contraception methods among female undergraduates in Dodoma, Tanzania. Cureus.

Makenzius, M., McKinney, G., Oguttu, M., &Romild, U. (2019). Stigma related to contraceptive use and abortion in Kenya: Scale development and validation. Reproductive Health, 16(1).

Megabiaw, B. (2012). Awareness and utilization of modern contraceptives among street women in north-west Ethiopia. BMC Women's Health, 12(1).

Najafi-Sharjabad, F., Zainiyah Syed Yahya, S., Abdul Rahman, H., HanafiahJuni, M., & Abdul Manaf, R. (2013). Barriers of modern contraceptive practices among Asian women: A mini literature review. Global Journal of Health Science, 5(5).

Oo, M. S., Ismail, N. M., Ean, W. R., Hamid, H. A., &Affendi, N. R. (2019). Knowledge, attitude and perception of contraception among medical students in universitiputra Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 19(2), 11-19.

Perumal, K. (2016). Guideline for Conducting a Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) Study. Vol. IV, No.1, Jan - Mar 2016

RehnströmLoi, U., Otieno, B., Oguttu, M., Gemzell-Danielsson, K., Klingberg-Allvin, M., Faxelid, E., &Makenzius, M. (2019). Abortion and contraceptive use stigma: A cross-sectional study of attitudes and beliefs in secondary school students in western Kenya. Sexual and Reproductive Health Matters, 27(3), 20-31.

Renjhen, P., & Yun Low, W. (2016). Use of contraception among college students. Australasian Medical Journal, 09(05).

Sámano, R., Martínez-Rojano, H., Chico-Barba, G., Sánchez-Jiménez, B., Sam-Soto, S., Rodríguez-Ventura, A., Mejía-Luna, L., &Sclavo-Melo, S. (2019). Sociodemographic factors associated with the knowledge and use of birth control methods in adolescents before and after pregnancy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(6), 1022.

Sharma, S. K., Ghimire, D. R., & Pratap, N. (2011). Ethnic differentials of the impact of family planning program on contraceptive use in Nepal. Demographic Research, 25, 837-868.

Thapa, P., Pokharel, P. N., & Shrestha, M. (2018). Knowledge, attitude and practices of contraception among the married women of reproductive age group in selected wards of Dharan sub-metropolitan city. Journal of Contraceptive Studies, 03(03).

Wong, L. P. (2012). An exploration of knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of young multiethnic Muslim-majority society in Malaysia in relation to reproductive and premarital sexual practices. BMC Public Health, 12(1).




How to Cite

Hemarani Nachimuthu, Hemah Devi, & Nandini Karunanithi. (2022). Knowledge, Awareness, and Perception on Contraception Among Women of Reproductive Age Attending Senawang Health Clinic. Malaysian Journal of Medical Research (MJMR), 6(2), 16-27. Retrieved from