Prevalence of Flat Foot in College Going Students: A Cross Sectional Study
Background: A healthy foot is vital for good posture and ambulation. Flatfoot or pes planus is a medical condition defined by the absence or lowered medial longitudinal arch, with Osseo-ligamentous misalignment. The objective of this study was to find out the prevalence of flat foot in college-going students aged between 18 to 25 years by using navicular drop and medial longitudinal arch angle assessment methods. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 205 volunteers (116 male and 89 female) were assessed for flat foot using Brody’s navicular drop test and medial longitudinal arch angle measurement with an age range of 18-25 years. The navicular drop of ≥ 10mm and medial longitudinal arch angle of < 130° were considered flat feet. Results: The mean age of the total population (n=205) was 23.30 ± 1.63 years. The result of this study showed that when we used the ND test, there was a prevalence of flat foot in 20% of the total population (for males: 21.55%; for females: 17.97%) whereas when we used MLAA measurement, there was the prevalence of 5.36% in total population (for males: 5.17%; for females: 5.61%). Conclusion: The results of this study quantified the prevalence of flat foot in young college-going students. It can be concluded from the result of this study that the prevalence of flat foot in college-going students was 20% when using the navicular drop test whereas 5.61% when using medial longitudinal arch angle measurement.
Keywords:Flat Foot, Navicular Drop, Medial Longitudinal Arch Angle
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