Seizure as Initial Presentation of HIV: A Case Report of Cerebral Toxoplasmosis

Authors

  • Siti Ruziana Roslan Department of Family Medicine, International Islamic University of Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Ahmad Shah, Bandar Indera Mahkota, 25200 Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Azwanis Abdul Hadi Department of Family Medicine, International Islamic University of Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Ahmad Shah, Bandar Indera Mahkota, 25200 Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

Abstract

This paper reports a case of a previously healthy patient who presented with a generalised tonic-clonic seizure due to cerebral edema. Investigations revealed he had human Deficiency Virus (HIV) with cerebral toxoplasmosis and was co-infected with Hepatitis C. He was immediately placed on a toxoplasmosis treatment regime which, 4 weeks later, showed improvement in his clinical condition and computed tomography (CT) brain imaging. He was then put on antiretroviral therapy (ART). This case describes the management of a patient with newly diagnosed HIV with opportunistic and co-infections.

Keywords:

Cerebral toxoplasmosis, HIV, Hepatitis C, Antiretroviral Therapy

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References

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Published

2022-04-04

How to Cite

Siti Ruziana Roslan, & Azwanis Abdul Hadi. (2022). Seizure as Initial Presentation of HIV: A Case Report of Cerebral Toxoplasmosis. Malaysian Journal of Medical Research (MJMR), 6(2), 1-5. Retrieved from https://ejournal.lucp.net/index.php/mjmr/article/view/1573