ICU NURSES’ PERCEIVED KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, AND PRACTICE ON ENDOTRACHEAL SUCTIONING: A PRELIMINARY STUDY AT AHOSPITAL IN PAHANG, MALAYSIA
Background: Endotracheal suctioning isa common procedure for intubated patients typically seen in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Although several studies regarding the knowledge and practice of endotracheal suctioning among nurses were conducted internationally, the status of the procedurein Malaysia is unknown. Objectives: To assess the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice on endotracheal suctioning and the relationship between each variable. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted via convenient sampling at two ICUs using a set of questionnaire that consisted of fourparts pertaining to sociodemographic data, knowledge items, attitude items, and practice items following ethical approvals. The data obtained were analysedfor descriptive and inferential assessmentsusing SPSS. Results: A total of 77 nurses responded to the questionnaire (response rate 100%). A moderate positive relationship between knowledge and attitude were identified (r=0.514, p=0.000), whilea weak positive relationship was observedbetween knowledge and practice (r=0.408, p=0.000). A negligible correlation was also observed between attitude and practice (r=0.269, p=0.018). Discussion:From the study, the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice were found to be related to each other. Theresults have shown that age does not representthe score gain in knowledge, attitude, and practice questions. Similarly, the score gain was not affected whether the nurses had a post-basicbackground or not. Conclusion: There is a relationship between knowledge, attitude, and practice on endotracheal suctioning among ICU nurses. There is no relationship between socio-demographic data (age, working experience and post-basic) with knowledge, attitude and practice on endotracheal suctioning. A good practice score were seen in this study compared to the knowledge and attitude score among ICU nurses in HTAA Kuantan. Most of the ICU nurses in the HTAA Kuantan exhibited an excellent practice on endotracheal suctioning.