KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS OF AUXILIARY NURSE AND MIDWIVES (ANMS) ON IDENTIFICATION OF BIRTH DEFECTS, DEVELOPMENTAL DELAYS AND DISABILITIES AMONG PRESCHOOL CHILDREN IN WEST BENGAL
Background: Auxiliary Nurse and Midwives (ANMs) are one of the key functionaries of healthcare system. They play an important role in health screening of children. Estimates in India suggest that 6% of children are born with birth defects and 10% of them suffer from developmental delays and disabilities. The study aimed to assess the knowledge and skills of ANMs on identification of birth defects, developmental delays and disabilities among preschool children in West Bengal and to find out the potential demographic variables associated with their knowledge and skills. Research method: Descriptive cross-sectional design was adopted. Non-probability purposive sampling technique was used for selecting 100 ANMs from three selected blocks of Nadia, West Bengal. Self-administered questionnaire and observation checklist was used to assess their knowledge and skills respectively. Results: Study revealed that more than half of ANMs had average knowledge score and skill score. Mean knowledge score was 16.52 with SD 3.11 and mean skill score was 18.50 with SD 3.91. Of all domains, Knowledge regarding developmental delays(mean % of 50.80) was lowest. Maximum skill score was observed in physical examination(54.8%) and lowest skill score was observed in the domain of birth defects (mean % 46.85). Statistically significant association was found among knowledge score with educational level and skill score with working experience. Conclusion: Researcher concluded that continuing education may be an effective way to improve their knowledge and skills and will make them more competentand confidentin early identification of birth defects, developmental delays and disabilities.
Keywords:ANMs, Knowledge, Skill, Birth Defects, Developmental Delays and Disabilities
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