• Arun Kumar.S Bilodi Professor of Anatomy, Lincoln University College, Malaysia
  • M R Gangadhar Manasagangothri, Professor of Anthropology, University of Mysore, India


AIM: To know the percentages of incidences of various types of congenital anomalies of the renal system that was observed and studied in the three different countries namely Republic of India, Nepal and Republic of China 
PLACES OF STUDY:  This study was done in six institutions in three different countries, namely-Republic of India, Republic of China, and Nepal in the respective Department of Anatomy.
OBSERVATIONS:  A study was done by in the Departments of Anatomy in the above said colleges by dissection method and observation was made on dissected specimens for the presence of morphological anomalies in kidneys and the anatomical locations of kidneys and ureters. This study was done on the agenesis of kidney, nodular kidney and constricted (small) kidney location, ectopic kidneys bilateral polycystic kidneys. In the donated body the kidney was horse shoe shaped, small, multiple cysts kidneys with double ureters on the right side.
CONCLUSON: This study contributes towards the knowledge of anomalies of kidneys not only to anatomists but to all clinicians especially to urologists and nephrologists. Hence the present study and the reports are significant

Keywords: Birth defects, Ectopic positions, Agenesis of kidneys, Polycystic kidneys, Fusion of lower poles


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How to Cite
Arun Kumar.S Bilodi, & M R Gangadhar. (2017). CONGENITAL RENAL ANOMALIES - A DISSECTION OBSERVATIONAL STUDY. Malaysian Journal of Medical Research, 1(1), 14-18. Retrieved from