HIV/AIDS knowledge level among undergraduate health science students in a private university, Malaysia

Authors

  • Samia Amin Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Medicine, Lincoln University College, Malaysia
  • ZarinaAwang Associate Professor, Faculty of Medicine, Lincoln University College, Malaysia

Abstract

Globally, the spread of HIV/AIDS is a major public health challenge because of its pandemic magnitudes. Despite the fact that people of any age are susceptible to HIV, the younger population is more susceptible to be infected because of their lifestyle choices. The purpose of this study was to assess the extent of HIV/AIDS knowledge level among health science undergraduate university students as they play a primary role within the health care system of a country. A cross-sectional study was conducted by using a semi structured, self-administered, especially design questionnaire. Out of total one hundred fifty undergraduate university students, there were 96 males (64%) and 54 females (36%) with the age ranging from 19-25 years. All the students were able to write the acronym of HIV (100%) and AIDS (100%). Common routes of transmission and prevention measure were known by majority of the students. Students stated correctly regarding HIV/AIDS transmission from mother to child through pregnancy (18.02%), delivery (15.31%) and breast feeding (11.30%) which was very low level of knowledge. Most of the medical, dental and physiotherapy students had correct knowledge on high risk populace for HIV/AIDS; like singles, intravenous drug user, multiple sex partners and commercial sexual partner. Regarding the preventive measure as hand washing, use of facial mask and sexual abstinent was correctly mentioned by only 31.34%, 34.02% and 28.01% total students respectively. However other safety measure like condom use, effectiveness of condom use, screening of blood was widely known by the students. However, regarding the knowledge on treatment issue of HIV/AIDS, majority of the students (85.30%) correctly knew that HIV/AIDS was not curable, whereas only 15.31% and 20.01% correctly knew that the treatment was very expensive and available respectively. So, this study focus the educational endeavors that could be broadened to emphasis on its general knowledge on HIV/AIDS

Keywords:

HIV, AIDS, Knowledge, Undergraduate, Health science student, Malaysia

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abebe, N., Kahsay, A., Mullu, G., Bekele, D. & Getu A, (2015). HIV/AIDS Related Knowledge and Attitude among Health Science Student of Debre Markos University, North West Ethiopia. Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research. 6(3), pp 436.

Balogun, M. & Odeyemi, K. (2010). Knowledge and practice of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIVamong traditional birth attendants in Lagos State, Nigeria. The Pan African Medical Journal. 5(7).

Chauhan, A. S., Hussain, M. A., Pati, S., Nallala, S. & Mishra, J. (2011). Knowledge and attitudes related to HIV/AIDS among medical and allied health sciences students. Indian Journal of Community Health. 23(2), pp 96-98.

Gashaw A, Afework K, Feleke M, Yigzaw K, Molla G, Fisseha W, Atnaf A, Berhanu A, Solomon A, (2007). Low prevalence of HIV infection, and knowledge, attitude and practice on HIV/AIDS among high school students in Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Health Development. 21(2), pp 179-182.

Global Aids Response Progress Report Malaysia (2016). HIV/STI section, Disease Control Division, Ministry of Health Malaysia . Available at: http://www.unaids.org/sites/default/files/country/documents/MYS_narrative_report_2016.pdf

Hansson, M., Stockfelt, L., Urazalin, M., Ahlm, C. & Andersson, R. (2008). HIV/AIDS awareness and risk behavior among students in Semey, Kazakhstan: A cross-sectional survey. International Health and Human Rights. 8(14).

Lee, M. H. S. (1999). Case study Malaysia: Communication and advocacy strategies adolescent reproductive and sexual health, UNESCO Principal Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok: Thailand. Available at: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0012/001200/12003 4E.pdf

Mohsin, S., Nayak, S. & Mandaviya, V. (2010). Medical students' knowledge and attitudes related to HIV/AIDS. National Journal of Community Medicine. 1(2), pp 146- 149.

Ni, H. & Htet, A. (2012). Knowledge and Attitude of HIV/AIDS Infection among Medical Students. International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine & Public Health. 4(4), pp 317-326.

Orisatoki, R. & Oguntibeju, O. (2008). Knowledge and Attitudes of Students in a Caribbean Medical School towards HIV/AIDS. African Journal of Biomedical Research. 11 (2008), pp 137 - 143.

Rahman, R., Rampal, L., Lye, M. S. & Rahman, H. A. (2011). Factors Influencing Students' Attitude towards HIV/AIDS in a Public University, Malaysia. Global Journal of Health Science. 3(1), pp 128-134.

Sachdeva, S., Malik, J. S., Sachdeva, R., & Sachdev, T. R. (2011). HIV/AIDS knowledge among first year MBBS, Nursing, Pharmacy students of a health university, India. Journal of Family and Community Medicine. 18(3), pp155–158.

Tan, X., Pan, J., Zhou, D., Wang, C. & Xie, C. (2007). HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors Assessment of Chinese Students: A Questionnaire Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 4(3), pp 248–253.

UNAIDS World AIDS Day Report, (2012), UNAIDS,Geneva. Available at: http://files.unaids.org/en/media/unaids/contentassets/d ocuments/epidemiology/2012/gr2012/JC2434_WorldA IDSday_results_en.pdf.

Wong, L. P., Chin, C. K. L., Low, W. Y. & Jaafar, N. (2008). HIV/AIDS-Related Knowledge among Malaysian Young Adults: Findings from a Nationwide Survey. Journal of the International AIDS Society. 10(6), pp148.

Downloads

Published

2017-01-02

How to Cite

Samia Amin, & ZarinaAwang. (2017). HIV/AIDS knowledge level among undergraduate health science students in a private university, Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Medical Research (MJMR), 1(1), 1-7. Retrieved from https://ejournal.lucp.net/index.php/mjmr/article/view/100