THE EFFECT OF EXCLUSIVE BREASTFEEDING WITH GROWTH OF BABY AND ILLNESS FREQUENCY IN AGE 6 - 12 MONTHS IN PADANG CITY

  • Fatmi Nirmala Sari Lecturer of Midwifery, STIKes of Alifah Padang- Indonesia
  • Binarni Suhertusi Lecturer of Midwifery, STIKes of Alifah Padang- Indonesia
Keywords: Exclusive breastfeeding, Growth, Development, Drequency of illness

Abstract

Breastfeeding contains a lot of nutrients that need for the growth and development of babies and the growth of various organs in particular. Breast milk also contains antibody substances that function to protect children against disease and death, especially because of infections that have encountered in the first year of life. 

According to the RI Ministry of Health data, the achievement of Exclusive breastfeeding in 2014 was only 52.3% and slightly increased in 2015 at 55.7%. Exclusive coverage in West Sumatra for the past two years is 73.6% (2014) and 75.0% (2015) of the target set by the government, which is 80%. While in KotaPadang the achievement of exclusive breastfeeding in the last two years is still low at 72.2 % (2014) and this achievement decreased by 70.5% in 2015.

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of exclusive breastfeeding with infant growth and pain frequency in infants aged 6-12 months in the city of Padang. This study was a quasi-experimental post-test only design with control group design with accidental sampling technique. It is a study that aims to determine the effect of giving exclusive breastfeeding to the baby's growth and frequency of pain in infants aged 6-12 months in the city of Padang. The population and sample of this study were infants aged 6-12 with a sample of 20 people who have intervened and 20 people as controls. Data analysis was done by questionnaire and measurement using Chi-Square. 

The results of the study found that in respondents who have given exclusive breastfeeding there were 15 babies (75%) who had normal growth, 14 babies (70%) who had normal development, there were 15 babies (75%) who had a rare frequency of pain. Chi-Square found that there was no significant relationship between giving exclusive breastfeeding with growth with p value> 0.05, there was a significant relationship between exclusive breastfeeding and the development and frequency of pain in infants 6-12 months, with p-value <0.05. It was expected that health center staff, health workers and independent midwives could apply to counsel and mentor to mothers about exclusive breastfeeding starting from pregnancy, childbirth to the age of 6 months so that the baby's growth is perfect. 

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Published
2019-07-01