EFFECT OF AN EDUCATIONAL INTERVENTION ON MOTHERS' KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE ABOUT PROPER ANTIBIOTIC USE IN A SELECTED FAMILY HEALTH CENTER
Background: Improper antibiotic use is a significant community health issue that contributes to antibiotic resistance. Insufficient mothers’ knowledge about the cautious antibiotics use in treating common childhood diseases can end in its misuse. Improving mothers’ awareness about correct antibiotic use is the main aspect. The study is aimed to assess the effect of an educational intervention on mothers' knowledge, practice and attitude about proper antibiotic use. Method: A quasi-experimental design – one group pre-post-test among 130 mothers was carried out in selected family health centers. Baseline knowledge, practice and attitude (pre-intervention) regarding judicious antibiotic use was assessed using structured interview questionnaire developed by researcher which comprised of socio-demographic data of mother and child, source of knowledge, the mothers’ knowledge, subjective practice and their attitude about appropriate antibiotic use. Educational intervention on proper antibiotic use of children was administered after baseline assessment. The effect of this intervention was evaluated using same questionnaire post the intervention and after 3 months. Findings: About 41.5% of the mothers age were from 20 to not more than 35 years. Mothers had poor knowledge about the concept of judicious use of antibiotics, indication of proper antibiotic use, side effect and causes of antibiotic resistance in the pre-test that improved after implementation of the educational session. Health education sessions signiﬁcantly improved antibiotic-related practice and attitude of the mothers. Conclusion: The health education session about appropriate antibiotic use revealed a major effect in improving the participants’ level of awareness, practice and changing attitude about proper use of antibiotic of their children.
Keywords:Knowledge, Effect, Practice, Antibiotic Use, Educational Intervention
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