Prevalence Rates Reduction Efforts of Malaria Cases among Health Students in Endemic Area


  • Sukatemin Sukatemin Polytechnic of Health of Jayapura, 99351Papua, Indonesia
  • Isak Jurun Hans Tukayo Polytechnic of Health of Jayapura, 99351Papua, Indonesia
  • Yohanna Sorontou Polytechnic of Health of Jayapura, 99351Papua, Indonesia
  • Syaifoel Hardy Training Department, Indonesian Nursing Trainers, Malang, Jawa Timur 65216, East Java, Indonesia



Background: Many cases of malaria among students related to the health department are not explored or dealt with through structured efforts, which pose a high risk, particularly in endemic areas. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the elevated incidence of malaria among health students in Papua and examine their coping mechanisms. Methods: Quantitative method with a descriptive design. The research was conducted from July 2022 to August 2022 after receiving the approval letter from the ethical committee of the Jayapura Health Polytechnic of the Ministry of Health, Papua, Indonesia. The population was health students (n=167 people). Primary data was obtained from a questionnaire. The dependent variable was the respondent's characteristics, and the independent variables were the presence of exposure, symptoms, place of treatment, length of suffering, drugs consumed, and the side effects. Secondary data were obtained from reputable journals for the last five years and government official documents. They were analyzed univariately and descriptively. Results: The most common conventional therapy was Dihydroartemisinin or DHP (n=46 or 27.5%), without side effects (n=134 or 80.2%) and using herbals (n=66 or 39.5%). Conclusion: The findings recommended empowering the potential of health students’ knowledge and experiences during college time to reduce the high prevalence of malaria cases in endemic areas.


Endemic Areas, Health Students, Malaria


Download data is not yet available.


Aberese-Ako, M., Magnussen, P., Ampofo, G. D., & Tagbor, H. (2019). Health system, socio-cultural, economic, environmental and individual factors influencing bed net use in the prevention of malaria in pregnancy in two Ghanaian regions. Malaria Journal, 18(1), 1-13.

Bandzuh, J. T., Ernst, K. C., Gunn, J. K., Pandarangga, S., Yowi, L. R. K., Hobgen, S., ... & Hayden, M. H. (2022). Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of Anopheles mosquito control through insecticide treated nets and community-based health programs to prevent malaria in East Sumba Island, Indonesia. PLOS Global Public Health, 2(9), e0000241.

Cribellier, A., van Erp, J. A., Hiscox, A., Lankheet, M. J., van Leeuwen, J. L., Spitzen, J., & Muijres, F. T. (2018). Flight behaviour of malaria mosquitoes around odour-baited traps: capture and escape dynamics. Royal Society Open Science, 5(8), 180246.

Dalaba, M. A., Welaga, P., Oduro, A., Danchaka, L. L., & Matsubara, C. (2018). Cost of malaria treatment and health seeking behaviour of children under-five years in the Upper West Region of Ghana. PLoS One, 13(4), e0195533.

Dahiru, A., Musa, R., & Jella, S. M. (2020). Community Nursing a Tool for Achieving Sdg and Uhc Targets in Nigeria. The Malaysian Journal of Nursing (MJN), 12(1), 42-44.

Debora, J., Rinonce, H. T., Pudjohartono, M. F., Astari, P., Winata, M. G., & Kasim, F. (2018). Malaria prevalence in Asmat, Papua: An overview of the current situation in a high endemic area. Journal of Community Empowerment for Health, 1(1), 11-19.

Dhewantara, P. W., Ipa, M., & Widawati, M. (2019). Individual and contextual factors predicting self-reported malaria among adults in eastern Indonesia: findings from Indonesian community-based survey. Malaria Journal, 18, 1-17.

Do, M., Babalola, S., Awantang, G., Toso, M., Lewicky, N., & Tompsett, A. (2018). Associations between malaria-related ideational factors and care-seeking behavior for fever among children under five in Mali, Nigeria, and Madagascar. PLoS One, 13(1), e0191079.

Ghosh, S. K., & Rahi, M. (2019). Malaria elimination in India—the way forward. Journal of Vector Borne Diseases, 56(1), 32-40.

Guntur, R. D., Kingsley, J., & Islam, F. M. A. (2021). Epidemiology of malaria in East Nusa Tenggara Province in Indonesia: protocol for a cross-sectional study. JMIR Research Protocols, 10(4), e23545.

Grieve, S. (2023). Malaria: an update for nurses in general practice. Practice Nursing, 34(4), 142-145. . Accessed on 3rd January, 2023.

Hasyim, H., Dale, P., Groneberg, D. A., Kuch, U., & Müller, R. (2019). Social determinants of malaria in an endemic area of Indonesia. Malaria Journal, 18(1), 1-11.

Ipa, M., Laksono, A. D., Astuti, E. P., Prasetyowati, H., & Hakim, L. (2020). Predictors of malaria incidence in rural eastern Indonesia. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(4), 3105-3111.

Istiana, Prenggono, M. D., Parhusip, J. E. S., & Rahman, M. F. A. (2021). Malaria Incidence Based on Diagnostic Raoid Test in South Kalimantan. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Lingkungan Lahan Basah, 6(3), 1–8.

Januar, A. (2019). Opportunities and Challenges for Indigenous Papuans Facing Industrial Development in Teluk Bintuni Regency. Patanjala?: Jurnal Penelitian Sejarah Dan Budaya, 11(3), 399.

Kahar, F., Setiadi, Y., Widiyanto, S. D., Ardiansyah, D., & Qomariyah, N. (2023). Malaria: Transmission, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention in Indonesia. From the Edited Volume: Malaria - Transmission, Diagnosis and Treatment [Working Title] by Associate Prof. Linda Eva Amoah, Dr. Festus Kojo Acquah and Ph.D. Kwame Kumi Asare. IntechOpen.

Lacey, H., Jain, N., Sugimoto, M., Shimato, M., Reine, I., & Oria, K. (2023). Combating Malaria In Kenya Through Collaborative Population Health Education: A Systematic Review And Pilot Case Study. Infectious Diseases, 55(10), 664-683.

Manangsang, F., Ganing, A., Purba, E. R., Rumaseb, E., & Sarwadhamana, R. J. (2021). Analysis of Environmental Risk Factors for Malaria Incidence in Kerom Regency, Papua Province. Indonesian Journal of Hospital Administration, 4(2), 37-42 .2021.4(2).37-42

Mbengue, M. A. S., Bei, A. K., Mboup, A., Ahouidi, A., Sarr, M., Mboup, S., & Gaye, O. (2017). Factors influencing the use of malaria prevention strategies by women in Senegal: a cross-sectional study. Malaria Journal, 16, 1-9.

Morakinyo, O. M., Balogun, F. M., & Fagbamigbe, A. F. (2018). Housing type and risk of malaria among under-five children in Nigeria: evidence from the malaria indicator survey. Malaria Journal, 17, 1-11.

Ndiaye, J. L. A., Ndiaye, Y., Ba, M. S., Faye, B., Ndiaye, M., Seck, A., ... & Milligan, P. (2019). Seasonal malaria chemoprevention combined with community case management of malaria in children under 10 years of age, over 5 months, in south-east Senegal: a cluster-randomised trial. PLoS Medicine, 16(3), e1002762.

Patriani, D., Arguni, E., Kenangalem, E., Dini, S., Sugiarto, P., Hasanuddin, A., ... & Poespoprodjo, J. R. (2019). Early and late mortality after malaria in young children in Papua, Indonesia. BMC Infectious Diseases, 19(1), 1-13.

Rahmasari, F. V., Setyonugroho, W., Swarjana, I. K., Arisandi, D., & Kesetyaningsih, T. W. (2021). The association between demographic and attitude factors with the practice of malaria prevention among the rural community in Purworejo district, Indonesia. Qanun Medika-Medical Journal Faculty of Medicine Muhammadiyah Surabaya, 5(1), 113-124.

Sroyer, A. M., Mandowen, S. A., & Reba, F. (2022). Malaria Cluster Analysis in Papua Province Using Single Linkage and K-Means Methods. Jurnal Nasional Teknologi Dan Sistem Informasi, 7(3), 147-154. TEKNOSI.v7i3.2021.147-154

Tukayo, I., Jurun, H., Hardy, S., Saljan, M., & Swastika, I. K. (2021). The Challenges in Health Polytechnic Jayapura Ministry of Health, (A Case Study). 8(1), 71–77.

Wanzira, H., Katamba, H., Okullo, A. E., Agaba, B., Kasule, M., & Rubahika, D. (2017). Factors associated with malaria parasitaemia among children under 5 years in Uganda: a secondary data analysis of the 2014 Malaria Indicator Survey dataset. Malaria Journal, 16(1), 1-9.

Watofa, A. F., Husodo, A. H., Sudarmadji, S., & Setiani, O. (2018). Physical Environment Risk to The Incidence of Malaria in The Region of Sentani Lake, Jayapura District, Papua Province). Jurnal Manusia Dan Lingkungan, 24(1), 31.

Yankson, R., Anto, E. A., & Chipeta, M. G. (2019). Geostatistical analysis and mapping of malaria risk in children under 5 using point-referenced prevalence data in Ghana. Malaria Journal, 18(1), 1-12.

Yasuoka, J., Kikuchi, K., Nanishi, K., Ly, P., Thavrin, B., Omatsu, T., & Mizutani, T. (2018). Malaria knowledge, preventive actions, and treatment-seeking behavior among ethnic minorities in Ratanakiri Province, Cambodia: a community-based cross-sectional survey. BMC Public Health, 18(1), 1-11.

Yogi, R., & Kabak, E. (2023). Malaria among young children in Twano-Papua: Evidence of determining factors in endemic areas. Science Midwifery, 11(2), 338-347.



How to Cite

Sukatemin, S., Hans Tukayo, I. J. ., Sorontou, Y. ., & Hardy, S. . (2024). Prevalence Rates Reduction Efforts of Malaria Cases among Health Students in Endemic Area. The Malaysian Journal of Nursing (MJN), 15(3), 30-36.