Relationship between Diet Patterns and the Incidence of Anemia among Adolescent Girls at SMA Giki 1 Surabaya

Authors

  • Novan Hariyanto Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Hang Tuah Surabaya, Jawa Timur 02446, Indonesia
  • Iis Fatimawati Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Hang Tuah Surabaya, Jawa Timur 02446, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0785-360X
  • Puji Hastuti Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Hang Tuah Surabaya, Jawa Timur 02446, Indonesia
  • Astrida Budiarti Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Hang Tuah Surabaya, Jawa Timur 02446, Indonesia
  • Sandeep Poddar Lincoln University, 47301 Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31674/mjn.2022.v14i02.003

Abstract

Background : Young women are more prone to anemia because young women on entering puberty experience rapid growth so that the need for iron also increases with the increase in growth. Teenagers often consume fast food, especially at school. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between diet pattern and the incidence of anemia in teenage girls at SMA GIKI Surabaya. Methods: This study uses cross sectional approach among teenage girls in class X and XI SMA GIKI 1 Surabaya with a total of 127 students, with simple random sampling and obtained a sample of 98 students. The questionnaires used include dietary habits (amount, type and frequency) and total hemoglobin levels, the data obtained were tested using the Spearman Rho statistical test. Results: Based on the results of the study, from 98 respondents, 87 (88.8%) respondents had poor eating pattern, and 11 (11.2%) in the good eating pattern category. While the incidence of anemia obtained data on respondents who are not anemic as many as 57 (58.2%), respondents who experience anemia are 41 (41.8%). Based on the results  Spearman's Rho statistical test, was found that = 0.003, = 0.05, indicating that diet has a relationship with the incidence of anemia in teenage girls at SMA GIKI 1 Surabaya. Conclusion: Inappropriate eating patterns can cause anemia which can have a negative impact on adolescents. For this reason, adolescents should prevent anemia by limiting their intake of fast food. Applying a healthy diet such as consuming fruits and vegetables, and increasing knowledge can prevent anemia.

Keywords:

Anemia, Adolescent Girls, Diet Pattern

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Achmadi, U. F. (2009). Manajemen Penyakit Lingkungan Berbasis Wilayah. Jurnal Manajemen Pelayanan Kesehatan, 11(02), 72–76. http://dx.doi.org/10.21109/kesmas.v3i4.217

Adriana, D (2007). Anak Muda Dengan Semua Gaya

Hidupnya. (http://www.percikan-iman.com),

Ahmed, S. B., & Saeed, A. A. (2021). Effectiveness of an Education Program on Knowledge and Self-Care Practices of Adolescent Students with Premenstrual Syndrome in Erbil City. The Malaysian Journal of Nursing (MJN), 13(2), 22-27. https://doi.org/10.31674/mjn.2021.v13i02.005

Arisman, M. B. (2004). Gizi dalam daur kehidupan. Jakarta: EGC, 28.

Azrimaidaliza, A., & Purnakarya, I. (2011). Analisis pemilihan makanan pada remaja di Kota Padang, Sumatera Barat. Kesmas: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional (National Public Health Journal), 6(1), 17-22. https://doi.org/10.21109/kesmas.v6i1.114

Barasi, M. E. (2009). At a Glance: Ilmu Gizi. Jakarta: EGC.

Brown, J. E. (2005). Nutrition Through the Life Cycle. 2nd edition. United States of America: Thomson Wadsworth.

Daris, C., Wibowo, T., Notoatmojo, H., & Rohmani, A. (2013). Hubungan Antara Status Gizi dengan Anemia pada Remaja Putri di Sekolah Menengah Pertama Muhammadiyah 3 Semarang Relationship Between Nutritional Status with Anemia in Young Women in Junior High School of Muhammadiyah 3 Semarang. Jurnal Kedokteran Muhammadiyah, 1(2), 3-7.

Dhaneswara, D. P. (2017). Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Niat Makan Sayur Dan Buah Pada Mahasiswa Asrama Universitas Airlangga. Jurnal PROMKES, 4(1), 34. https://doi.org/10.20473/jpk.v4.i1.2016.34-47

Farhatun, S. (2012). Perilaku Konsumsi Serat Pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran dan Ilmu Kesehatan (FKIK) Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Jakarta Tahun 2012.

Isa, R., Adam, N. A. M., Subari, S. A. A., Nordin, S. S., & Fauzi, R. (2022). Food Access and Fast Food Consumption Behaviour among Health Sciences Students at Uitm Puncak Alam. The Malaysian Journal of Nursing (MJN), 13(4), 3-9. https://doi.org/10.31674/mjn.2022.v13i04.001

Istiany, A., & Rusilanti. (2013). Gizi terapan. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya. 1st ed. Jakarta. PT. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Kemenkes RI. (2018). Pedoman Pencegahan dan Penanggulangan Anemia Pada Remaja Putri dan Wanita Usia Subur. Jakarta: Kemenkes RI.

Kusuma, A. H. (2009). Skrining Anemia Terhadap Remaja Putri Pada Tahun Pertama Menstruasi Di Kecamatan Mulyorejo. Universitas Airlangga.

Lisum, K., Waluyo, A., & Supardi, S. (2021). Capacity Strengthening Among Youth to Improve Health Outcome: A Review of Literature. The Malaysian Journal of Nursing (MJN), 13(1), 77-83. https://doi.org/10.31674/mjn.2021.v13i01.011

Ningsih, D. L. R., & Indriani, I. (2017). Faktor-faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Hipertensi pada Pekerja Sektor Informal di Pasar Beringharjo Kota Yogyakarta (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas' Aisyiyah Yogyakarta).

Ragab, A. G., Kotb, S. A. M., Hassanein, R. H., & Ibrahim, H. M. (2021). Effect of Educational Program About Dietary and Physical Activity on Functional Constipation for Elderly People at Assiut Geriatric Clubs. The Malaysian Journal of Nursing (MJN), 13(2), 90-101. https://doi.org/10.31674/mjn.2021.v13i02.015

Sadikin, H. M. (2001). Biokimia Darah. Widya Medika: Jakarta.

Smeltzer, S. (2013). Keperawatan Medikal Bedah Edsisi 12.

Sulistyoningsih, H. (2011). Gizi untuk kesehatan ibu dan ana. Graha Ilmu: Yogjakarta.

Suryani, D., Hafiani, R., & Junita, R. (2015). Analisis Pola Makan Dan Anemia Gizi Besi Pada Remaja Putri Kota Bengkulu. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Andalas, 10(1), 11. https://doi.org/10.24893/jkma.v10i1.157

World Health Organization (WHO) (2018). Weekly iron and Folic Acid Supplementation as an Anaemia-Prevention Strategy in Women and Adolescent Girls. https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/WHO-NMH-NHD-18.8

Published

2022-10-01

How to Cite

Hariyanto, N., Fatimawati, I., Hastuti, P. ., Budiarti, A. ., & Poddar, S. . (2022). Relationship between Diet Patterns and the Incidence of Anemia among Adolescent Girls at SMA Giki 1 Surabaya. The Malaysian Journal of Nursing (MJN), 14(2), 14-19. https://doi.org/10.31674/mjn.2022.v14i02.003