The Effect of Chair Yoga with Spiritual Intervention on the Life Satisfaction of Older Adults


  • Yoga Kertapati Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Hang Tuah Surabaya, Jawa Timur 60244, Indonesia
  • Junaiti Sahar University of Indonesia, West Java 16424, Indonesia
  • Astuti Yuni Nursasi University of Indonesia, West Java 16424, Indonesia
  • Diyan Mutyah Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Hang Tuah Surabaya, Jawa Timur 60244, Indonesia


Introduction: Life satisfaction is a condition of individual happiness as a conceptualization of well-being to fulfil needs, goals, expectations and desire according to the standards made. The aging process accompanied by degenerative in the older adults is also one of the factors causing dissatisfaction in the older adults. Life dissatisfaction has an impact on the quality of life of older adults. This study aims to investigate the effect of chair yoga with spiritual intervention on the life satisfaction of older adults. Methods: This quasi-experimental study employed a pre-test and post-test design using a control group. The study involved an intervention group of 42 respondents and control group of a further 42 respondents. The sample was selected using multistage random sampling. The data were analyzed using a t-test. Results: The results of the study show that the mean score for intervention group was higher after the intervention (p=0.000). Furthermore, the mean score for life satisfaction after the intervention was significantly higher for the intervention group than for the control group (p=0.000). Conclusion: It is concluded that the use of chair yoga with spiritual intervention is a useful preventive measure to increase life satisfaction in older adults. The study also suggests that this form of intervention should be considered as a complementary nursing therapeutic practice for older adults in the community


Chair Yoga, Spiritual, Life Satisfaction, Older Adults


Download data is not yet available.


Allender, J.A., Rector, C. & Warner K.D. (2014). Community & Public Health Nursing: Promoting The Publics Health. Philadelphia: Lippincott.

Bodenstein, K., Rej., S., Sekhon, H. (2022). Virtual chair yoga for stress in older adults with dementia or mild cognitive impairments and caregivers during covid-19. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 30(4), S92.

Chobe, S., Chobe, M., Metri, K., Patra, S.K., Nagaratna, R., (2020). Impact of Yoga on cognition and mental health among older adults: A systematic review. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 52(102421).

Dua, R., Malik, S., Bhadoria, A.S., Kumar, R. (2021). Chair yoga. Journal of Medical Evidence, 2(262-266).

Ebersole & Hess (2014). Gerontological nursing & healthy aging (4th, ed.). St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier Mosby.

George, T., Olga, K., Maria, M., Paraskevi, M., & George, G. (2014). Effect of Physical Activity on Functional Status in Elderly with Chronic Low Back Pain. J Yoga & Physical Therapy, 4(171), 2.

Ikai, S., Uchida, H., Mizuno, Y., Tani, H., Nagaoka, M., Tsunoda, K., Mimura, M., & Suzuki, T. (2017). Effects of chair yoga therapy on physical fitess in patients witih psychiatric disorders: A 12-week single- blind randomized controlled trial. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 94, 194-201.

Kertapati, Y., Sahar, J., Nursasi, A.Y. (2018). The effects of chair yoga with spiritual intervention on the functional status of older adults. Enfermería Clínica, 28 Supplement 1(70-73).

Lindquist, R., Snyder, M., & Tracy, M. F. (2014). Complementary & alternative therapies in nursing. New York: Springer Publishing Company, LLC.

Lötzke, D., Wiedemann, F., Rodrigues Recchia, D., Ostermann, T., Sattler, D., Ettl, J., ... & Büssing, A. (2016). Iyengar-yoga compared to exercise as a therapeutic intervention during (neo) adjuvant therapy in women with stage I–III breast cancer: Health-related quality of life, mindfulness, spirituality, life satisfaction, and cancer-related fatigue. Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine, 2016.

Mauk, K.L. (2014). Gerontological nursing competencies for care (3rd ed). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Mauk, K. L. (2010). Gerontological nursing: competencies for care. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.

Miller, C. A. (2012). Nursing for welness in older adult: theory and practice (6th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Monod, S. M., Rochat, E., Bula, C. J., Jobin, G., Martin, E., & Spencer, B. (2010). The spiritual distress assessment tool: an instrument to assess spiritual distress in hospitalised older adults persons. BMC Greiatrics.

Mooventhan, A. & Nivethitha, L. (2017). Evidence based effects of yoga practice on various health related problems of older adults people: A review. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 21(4), 1028-1032.

Neugarten, B. L., Havighurst, R. J., & Tobin, S. S. (1961). The measurement of life satisfaction. Journal of gerontology. 16(2), 134–143,

Ni Mhaolain, A. M., Gallagher, D., Connell, H. O., Chin, I. B., Hamilton, F., Teehe, E., Coen, R., Coakley, D., Cunningham, C., Walsh, J. B., & Lawlor, B. A. (2012). Subjective well-being amongst community-dwelling elders: what determines satisfaction with life? Findings from the Dublin healthy aging study. International Psychogeriatric Association, 24: 2, 316-232,

Oshio, T. (2012). Gender differences in the associations of life satisfaction with family and social relations among the Japanese older adults. Journal Cross Cultural Gerontology. 27: 259-274.

Pinto, J., & Angelina, J. (2015). Development of a religious cognitive-emotional therapy program in alleviating the psycho-spiritual crises of selected consecrated women, 6(1), 1–9.

Seghatoleslam, T., Habil, H., Hatim, A., & Rashid, R. (2015). Achieving a Spiritual Therapy Standard for Drug Dependency in Malaysia , from an Islamic Perspective : Brief Review Article. Iran Journal Public Health, 44(1), 22–27.

Shin, S. (2021). Meta-Analysis of the effect of yoga practice on physical fitness in the older adults. International Journal of Enviromental Research and Public Health, 18(21), 11663.

Sirgy, M.J. (2012). The psychology of quality of life: Hedonic well-being, life satisfaction, and eudaimonia (2nd ed). New York: Springer Science.

Stanhope, M. & Lancaster, J. (2014). Foundations of nursing in the community: Community oriented practice (4th ed.). St. Louis: Mosby Company.

World Health Organization (WHO) (2015). World Report on Ageing and Health. Geneva: WHO Press.

Yuniartika, W., Anwar, S., Kamil, A.R., Herlinah, L. (2021). The effectiveness of yoga therapy to reduce the level of depression among older adults in the community. Indonesian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery, 9(4), 290-296.




How to Cite

Kertapati, Y., Junaiti Sahar, Nursasi, A. Y. ., & Mutyah, D. . (2022). The Effect of Chair Yoga with Spiritual Intervention on the Life Satisfaction of Older Adults. The Malaysian Journal of Nursing (MJN), 14(2), 60-66. Retrieved from