Application of the Levine Theory and Health Belief Model in Anemia and Thrombocytopenia in Pregnancy: A Case Report

Authors

  • Eny Dewi Pamungkas Faculty of Nursing, Universitas, Kampus FIK UI, Jl. Prof. Dr. Bahder Djohan, Depok, West Java 16424, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9634-3491
  • Setyowati Setyowati Faculty of Nursing, Universitas, Kampus FIK UI, Jl. Prof. Dr. Bahder Djohan, Depok, West Java 16424, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4930-9928
  • Yati Afiyanti Faculty of Nursing, Universitas, Kampus FIK UI, Jl. Prof. Dr. Bahder Djohan, Depok, West Java 16424, Indonesia

Abstract

Pregnant women with anemia and thrombocytopenia are exposed to health risks. Therefore, Levine's conservation theory approach combined with the Health Belief Model theory could be applied to assist pregnant women to optimize their adaptive responses and achieve maximum health. Levine's conservation theory focuses on maintaining an individual’s integrity and helping them to adapt to their conditions through the principle of conservation. For the Health Belief Model theory, the involvement and belief of pregnant women are the main aspects required to prevent and treat anemia and thrombocytopenia through their perceived susceptibility, seriousness, benefits, and barriers. Five cases of pregnant women with anemia and thrombocytopenia were provided nursing care that used Levine's conservation and Health Belief Model theory. Doing so resulted in the pregnant women adapting to their conditions and prevented any adverse impacts on their pregnancy.

Keywords:

Anemia, Health Belief Model, Levine Conservation, Pregnancy, Thrombocytopenia

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References

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Published

2023-01-03

How to Cite

Pamungkas, E. D. ., Setyowati , S. . . . . . . . ., & Afiyanti, Y. . (2023). Application of the Levine Theory and Health Belief Model in Anemia and Thrombocytopenia in Pregnancy: A Case Report. The Malaysian Journal of Nursing (MJN), 14(3). Retrieved from https://ejournal.lucp.net/index.php/mjn/article/view/1725