Effect of Hypno-Pressure on Mean Arterial Pressure in Patients with Cardiovascular Disorders


  • Dwi Antara Nugraha STIKes Panti Rapih, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
  • Sri Endang Pujiastuti Ministry of Health Semarang, Jawa Tengah 50268, Indonesia
  • Budi Widiyanto Ministry of Health Polytechnic Nursing, Indonesia
  • Choiroel Anwar Ministry of Health Polytechnic Nursing, Indonesia




Background: The mean arterial pressure (MAP) is the average arterial pressure during one cardiac cycle (systole, and diastole). MAP is affected by cardiac output and systemic vascular resistance, each of which is affected by several factors.

Objective: This aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of hypno-pressure on Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP) in patients with cardiovascular disorders.

Methods: A quasi-experimental research design with a pretest-posttest with a control group was used in this study. Purposive sampling was used to select 56 respondents for this study, and twenty-eight respondents were randomly assigned to the experiment and control groups. The bedside monitor was used to measure MAP. Paired t-tests and Independent t-tests were used for data analysis.

Results: There was a significant effect of hypno-pressure on the decrease of MAP value in patients with cardiovascular disorder with p-value 0.000 (<0.05), t = 7.217, and effect size of 1.18.

Conclusion: Hypno-pressure could reduce MAP in patients with cardiovascular disorders.


MAP, Cardiovascular Disorders, Hypnosis, Acupressure


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How to Cite

Nugraha, D. A. ., Pujiastuti, S. E. ., Widiyanto, B. ., & Anwar, C. (2023). Effect of Hypno-Pressure on Mean Arterial Pressure in Patients with Cardiovascular Disorders. The Malaysian Journal of Nursing (MJN), 14(3), 86-93. https://doi.org/10.31674/mjn.2023.v14i03.010