Knowledge of Ageing, Attitude towards and Willingness to Work with Older People among Malaysian Undergraduate Nursing Students

Authors

  • Nur Shariffahizzan Saharuddin Polyclinic Azzahra Kuantan 25200, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Aniawanis Makhtar Department of Special Care Nursing, Kulliyyah of Nursing, International Islamic University 25200 Kuantan Pahang. Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6409-0947

Abstract

Background: Nursing students are the future care providers for the aged population. Thus, they need to be prepared for quality care delivery during their study period at universities or colleges. Objectives: This study aims to determine undergraduate nursing students’ knowledge of ageing, attitudes towards older people and willingness to work with older people. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 141 undergraduate nursing students in a public university in Malaysia. Knowledge of ageing, attitudes towards older people and willingness to work with older people were assessed using standardised tools, namely the Palmore Facts on Aging Quiz, Kogan's Attitudes towards Older People Scale and Nolan's Intent to Work with Older People Questionnaire, respectively. Results: The results showed that 83.7% and 85.8% of the participants had high knowledge of ageing and willingness to work with older people, respectively. Meanwhile, 90.1% of the participants had a negative attitude towards older people. The attitude towards older people and knowledge of ageing were significantly associated with willingness to work with older people. Knowledge of ageing has no significant association with the attitude towards older people. Similarly, there was no significant association between demographic characteristics and knowledge of ageing, attitudes towards older adults and willingness to work with older people. Conclusion: Gerontological nursing education should emphasise clinical experience with older people, specifically in geriatric wards or nursing homes, to create a more positive attitudes towards older adults.

Keywords:

Knowledge, Attitude, Willingness, Older People, Nursing Students

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abreu, M., & Caldevilla, N. (2015). Attitudes toward aging in Portuguese nursing students. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 171, 961–967. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.215

Amiri, M. (2018). Problems faced by old age people. The International Journal of Indian, 6(3), 52- 62. https://doi.org/10.25215/0603.026

Ben Natan, M., Danino, S., Freundlich, N., Barda, A., & Yosef, R. M. (2015). Intention of nursing students to work in geriatrics. Research in Gerontological Nursing, 8(3), 140–147. https://doi.org/10.3928/19404921-20150219-03

Breytspraak, L. & Badura, L. (2015). Facts on aging quiz [revised; based on Palmore (1977; 1981)]. https://info.umkc.edu/aging/quiz/.1

Cheng W. L. (2021). Roles of knowledge and attitude in the willingness of nursing students to care for older adults in Hong Kong. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(15), 7757. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157757

Chi, M. J., Shyu, M. L., Wang, S. Y., Chuang, H. C., & Chuang, Y. H. (2016). Nursing students' willingness to care for older adults in Taiwan. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 48(2), 172-178. https://doi.org/10.1111/jnu.12197

Chu, A.Z., & Chu, R. J. (2013). Service willingness and senior tourists: Knowledge about aging, attitudes toward the elderly, and work values. The Service Industries Journal, 33(12), 1148-1164. https://doi.org/10.1080/02642069.2011.628659

Damulak, P. P., Minhat, H. S., & Rahman, A. A. (2015). Attitude towards the elderly among healthcare related students in Malaysia. International Journal of Health Sciences and Research, 5(11), 248-258.

Department of Statistics, M. (2020). Pocket Stats Q1 2020 (Issue May). https://www.dosm.gov.my

Faronbi, J. O., Adebowale, O., Faronbi, G. O., Musa, O. O., & Ayamolowo, S. J. (2017). Perception knowledge and attitude of nursing students towards the care of older patients. International Journal of Africa Nursing Sciences, 7, 37-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijans.2017.06.004

Ghimire, S., Shrestha, N., Callahan, K. E., Nath, D., Baral, B. K., Lekhak, N., & Singh, D. R. (2019). Undergraduate nursing students' knowledge of aging, attitudes toward and perceptions of working with older adults in Kathmandu Nepal. International Journal of Nursing Sciences, 6(2), 204–210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnss.2019.03.003

Kogan, N. (1961). Attitudes toward old people: The development of a scale and an examination of correlates. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 62(1), 44–54. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0048053

Liu, Y. E., Norman, I. J., & While, A. E. (2013). Nurses' attitudes towards older people: a systematic review. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 50(9), 1271–1282. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2012.11.021

McCloskey, R., Yetman, L., Stewart, C., Slayter, J., Jarrett, P., McCollum, A., & Stoica, G. (2020). Changes in nursing students' knowledge, attitudes and interest in caring for older adults: A longitudinal cohort study. Nurse Education in Practice, 44, 102760. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2020.102760

Muhsin, A.A., Munyogwa, M.J., Kibusi, S.M., & Seif, S.A. (2020). Poor level of knowledge on elderly care despite positive attitude among nursing students in Zanzibar Island: findings from a cross-sectional study. BMC Nurse, 19, 96. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12912-020-00488-w

Nolan, M.R., Brown, J., Davies, S., Nolan, J., & Keady, J. (2006). The senses framework: Improving care for older people through a relationship-centred approach. Getting research into practice (GRiP) report no 2. https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/280

Panmial, P. D., Minhat, H.S., & Anita, A R. (2015). Factors associated with knowledge of ageing among healthcare related students in Universiti Putra Malaysia. International Journal of Public Health and Clinical Sciences, 2(4), 75–87.

Sheikh, R B., Mathew, E., Rafique, A. M., Suraweera, R.S.C., Khan, H., & Sreedharan, J. (2013). Attitude of medical students toward old people in Ajman, United Arab Emirates. Asian Journal of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 8, 85–89.

Syed Elias, S. M., Jaafar, N. F., & Siew Pien, L. (2020). Attitudes and work preferences toward older people among Malay undergraduate nursing students. Makara Journal of Health Research, 24(3), 8.https://doi.org/10.7454/msk.v24i3.1227

Zhang, S., Liu, Y. H., Zhang, H. F., Meng, L. N., & Liu, P. X. (2016). Determinants of undergraduate nursing students' care willingness towards the elderly in China: Attitudes, gratitude and knowledge. Nurse Education Today, 4

Downloads

Published

2022-07-01

How to Cite

Saharuddin, N. S. ., & Makhtar, A. (2022). Knowledge of Ageing, Attitude towards and Willingness to Work with Older People among Malaysian Undergraduate Nursing Students . The Malaysian Journal of Nursing (MJN), 14(1), 36-44. Retrieved from https://ejournal.lucp.net/index.php/mjn/article/view/1571