PLANNED TEACHING PROGRAMME THROUGH BOOKLET FOR PRIMI GRAVIDAE WOMEN REGARDING LACATATION PROBLEMS
Introduction: Lactation issues are a painful ailment that affects postpartum women and leads to failed breastfeeding. As a result, there is a strong need to improve women's awareness and self-care behaviors related to breast problems especially among primi gravidae. Aim: to evaluate the effect planned teaching programed through booklet for primi gravidae women regarding Lactation problems. A quasi-experimental design was utilized. Setting: The study was done at antenatal clinic of Suez Canal university Hospital. A Purposive sample that consisted of 200 primi gravidae women was divided into two groups (control group comprising 100 pregnant women and study group comprising 100 pregnant women) using structured interview schedule, observational checklist regarding lactation and lactation problem were used for data collection. The procedure passed through four phases; interviewing and assessment, designing, implementation, and evaluation phase. Results: Pre intervention study design showed that the majority of the sample in both the study and control groups had poor lactation and it is related with knowledge and practices compared to post intervention. About 74% of the study group had good knowledge, whereas the control group had no significant difference from pre intervention (P ≤ 0.001). It was seen that 72.0% of the study group-initiated breast feeding directly after delivery compared to only 25.0% of the control group. 63% of control versus 39% in study faced breast problems. Conclusion In pre-intervention, most of the members of both study and control group primi moms had poor knowledge and practice about breastfeeding and breastfeeding issues, according to the study's findings. As a result, the program and the booklet distributed were effective in increasing knowledge and practice of lactation problems in primi gravidae. The findings confirm the research hypothesis that women who enroll in the program and receive the booklet are able to avoid and overcome lactation disorders than those who did not. Recommendation: Classes for Mother are necessary to educate primi gravidae mothers regarding the bases of breastfeeding and breast-feeding problems during pregnancy that will help to reduce the risk of various complications and breastfeeding disorders.
Keywords:Planned Teaching, Program, Prim Gravida, Lactation, Lactation Problems
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