COVID 19 in Hypertensive and Non-hypertensive Patients: A Descriptive Comparative Study


  • Hafiza Saba Javed Aziz Fatima Medical & Dental College 38000, Pakistan
  • Asma Javed Lieutenant Army, Pakistan
  • Aamna Khalid Aziz Fatima Medical & Dental College 38000, Pakistan



Background: Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is respiratory disorder, which is major public health concern. The incidence of COVID-19 is increasing day by day with multiple variants. The infection spread in more than 213 countries with more than 219 million cases reported and 4.5 million deaths recorded till date. The fatality rate of COVID is 4.1% in china, 12.8% in Italy, 10.2% in Spain, 3.9% in USA, 2.3% in Germany, 1.09% in India and 2% in Pakistan. Objectives: The purpose of this study to assess the percentage of hypertensive people who got the COVID 19.  Methodology: Patients with confirmed COVID positive, admitted in hospital or home quarantined from different areas of Punjab province between November 2020 and April 2021 and willing to fill the questionnaire were included in the study. Hospitalized patients were admitted with specific presentation of acute respiratory distress and SARS COV-2 positive. Qualitative data collection was done through questionnaire. Only 200 true positive of COVID-19 patients agreed to fill the questionnaire. All 200 patients included both hypertensive and non-hypertensive histories. Results: Hypertensive patients have higher chances to get COVID 19 infection. In patients with hypertension and COVID-19 morbidity was 2.1%, in which more than 1.5% patients had underlying diseases. Patients age range from 35.5 years to 70 years. Conclusion: Hypertension increases the risk of COVID 19 and showed high mortality.


Hypertension, COVID, Respiration


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How to Cite

Saba Javed, H., Javed, A., & Aamna Khalid. (2022). COVID 19 in Hypertensive and Non-hypertensive Patients: A Descriptive Comparative Study . The Malaysian Journal of Nursing (MJN), 14(1), 20-24.