FACTORS INFLUENCING THE HIV PREVENTION EFFORTS AMONG WOMEN IN PEKANBARU
HIV prevalence among women increases every year and it becomes a major health problem among women. Housewives are at risk to be infected with HIV from their husbands. Women and girls are on twice to be infected with HIV than their men counterparts. The seriousness of HIV/AIDS stems from the risks it brings. It does not affect the individuals infected, but also seriously influences the HIV prevention efforts. Indonesia have been going well with emphasis on curative efforts of HIV prevention and control programs but need more to be optimal. This study analyzed the influence of factors HIV prevention efforts among women in Pekanbaru. Methods: The study involved 194 women age 20-50 and currently married and living together with their husbands. Descriptive analysis was used to determine the demographic characteristics. A quantitative descriptive with multivariate analysis using logistic regression was conducted amongst women in both distric between Tenayan Raya and Rumbai Pesisir Pekanbaru, Riau Province in 2018. A systematic random sampling technique was used to select 194 women. Data were collected through structured quessionaire. The data were entered into Epi Info and analyzed by using SPSS for windows. Results: Out of the 194 women findings indicated factors influenced the prevention efforts by women using a significance of p-value < 0.005 were: working (p= 0.000, OR= 3.781, 95% CI= 1.859-7.688); knowledge (p= 0.000, OR= 0.295, 95% CI= 0.154-0.564); attitude (p value= 0.027, OR= 0.161, 95% CI= 0.32-0.809). It can be concluded that factors that influence HIV prevention efforts by women are working, knowledge and attitudes. Employment was found to be the most significant factor in this study. This finding implies that women who do not work need special attention and are encouraged to conduct HIV prevention efforts through education and personal approaches.
Keywords:Attitude, HIV, Knowledge, Prevention efforts, Women, Working
Ankunda, D., & Asiimwe, J.B. (2017). Determinants of comprehensive knowledge of HIV/AIDS among women of the reproductive age (15-49) in Uganda. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 4(10), 3530-3535.
Ariani, D., & Hargono, A. (2012). Analisis hubungan antara pengetahuan, sikap dengan tindakan berdasarkan indikator surveilans perilaku hiv/aids pada wanita pekerja seks. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga.
Ayuningtias, R., Solehati, T., & Maryati, I. (2018). Pengetahuan dan Sikap Perempuan yang Sudah Menikah Terhadap Pencegahan Penularan Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS). Jurnal Aisyah: Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, 3(2), 153-162.
Cianelli, R., Ferrer, L., & McElmurry, B.J. (2008). HIV prevention and low‐income Chilean women: machismo, marianismo and HIV misconceptions. Culture, health & sexuality, 10(3), 297-306.
Direktoral Jenderal Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Penyakit Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia (2018). Laporan perkembangan HIV-AIDS & Infeksi Menular Seksual (IMS) Triwulan II tahun 2018. http://siha.depkes.go.id/
Dewi, Y.I., & Safitri, A. (2017). Pencegahan Hiv/Aids Oleh Perempuan Di Kota Pekanbaru. Jurnal Ners Indonesia, 8(1), 15-22.
Fadhali, A., Amiruddin, R., & Ansar, J. (2012). Faktor yang berhubungan dengan pencegahan HIV dan AIDS di kalangan pramusaji kafe di tanjung bira kabupaten bulukumba relating factors to hiv and aids prevention among waiters cafe in bira beach bulukumba. Jurnal Keperawatan Universitas Islam Makasar.
Higgins, J.A., Hoffman, S., & Dworkin, S.L. (2010). Rethinking gender, heterosexual men, and women's vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. American journal of public health, 100(3), 435-445.
Indonesia, B.P.S.S., National Famility Planning Coordinating Board. Ministry of Health. ICF Macro. Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey 2012 [Internet]. Macro Inc. 2013.
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS and Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/Aids, (2017a). UNAIDS data 2017. Geneva: UNAIDS.
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), (2017b). Ending AIDS: Progress towards the 90-90-90 targets. Global AIDS update.
Juliastika, J., Korompis, G.E., & Ratag, B.T. (2012). Hubungan Pengetahuan tentang HIV/AIDS dengan Sikap dan Tindakan Penggunaan Kondom Pria pada Wanita Pekerja Seks di Kota Manado. KESMAS, 1(1), 15-20.
Notoatmodjo, S. (2010). Promosi kesehatan teori dan aplikasi. Rineka Cipta, Jakarta.
Setiyawati, N., Shaluhiyah, Z., & Cahyo, K. (2014). Sikap Ibu Rumah Tangga Terhadap Tes HIV/AIDS di Sleman Yogyakarta. Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia, 9(1), 56-66.
Teshome, R., Youjie, W., Habte, E., & Kasm, N.M. (2016). Comparison and association of comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge and attitude towards people living with HIV/AIDS among women aged 15-49 in three east African countries: Burundi, Ethiopia and Kenya. Journal of AIDS and Clinical Research, 7(04), 1-8.
Frasca, T. (2005). Women and HIV/AIDS: Confronting the crisis. Reproductive Health Matters, 13(25), 182-183.
World Health Organization (2017a). Guidelines for managing advanced HIV disease and rapid initiation of antiretroviral therapy, July 2017.
World Health Organization (2017b). Consolidated guideline on sexual and reproductive health and rights of women living with HIV. World Health Organization.
World Health Organization (2017c). Kajian Nasional Respon HIV di Bidang Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Laporan WHO untuk Indonesia.
Zarei, E., Khabiri, R., Tajvar, M., & Nosratnejad, S. (2018). Knowledge of and attitudes toward HIV/AIDS among Iranian women. Epidemiology and health.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 The Malaysian Journal of Nursing (MJN)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.