LEGS EXERCISE ON THE ANKLE BRACHIAL INDEX (ABI) OF TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENTS IN REJANG LEBONG REGIONAL HOSPITAL
Introduction: Peripheral arterial disease often occurs in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Peripheral arterial disease in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus occurs due to decreased blood circulation in the lower extremities. Looking at the value of the ankle-brachial index is one of the actions that can be taken to detect peripheral arterial disease. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a foot exercise intervention on the ankle-brachial index value of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Methods: This research was a quantitative research with a pre-experimental design, with one pre-test and post-test design. The research was carried out at Rejang Lebong Hospital from August to November 2020. The number of samples used in this study were 35 patients experiencing type 2 diabetes mellitus for more than five years. The analysis used in this study was the Wilcoxon test. Results: The results showed a difference in the mean of the ankle-brachial index before (1.02) and after (1.12) the intervention. Thus, there was an increase of 0.10 in the average value of the ankle-brachial index. The analysis result of this study showed the value of p = 0.001 (p<0.05). Conclusion: Foot exercise can be used as an alternative intervention to increase the value of the ankle-brachial index in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Keywords:Foot Exercise, Ankle Brachial Index, Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
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