EFFECTIVENESS OF AN EDUCATION PROGRAM ON KNOWLEDGE AND SELF-CARE PRACTICES OF ADOLESCENT STUDENTS WITH PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME IN ERBIL CITY
Background: Pre-menstrual syndrome are recurrent trouble with both physical and emotional symptoms that develop 7–14 days before the onset of menstruation and subsides when menstruation occurs.
Methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted in intermediate and secondary schools at Kurdistan region from 1st January 2018 to 15th January 2019, to identify the effectiveness of health educational program on adolescent student's knowledge and practices regarding premenstrual syndrome. A purposive sample of 200 students aged 13-20 years were selected. A questionnaire format was constructed. Two hundred students were interviewed to participate in the study and divided into two groups. Educational program was done for intervention group. Data analysis was done through the use of statistical package of social science, version 23.
Results: The overall students' knowledge concerning premenstrual syndrome after implementation of educational intervention improved and the percentage increased from (24.1%) at pre-test to (56.3%) at post-test, while the percentage was not improved in comparison group.
Conclusion: The results revealed the effectiveness of the program in improving the knowledge and practices of students in intervention group. The study recommends to Ministry of education have to put educational programs regarding premenstrual syndrome must be included in the curriculum of school.
Keywords:Premenstrual Syndrome, Education, Adolescent, Knowledge, Self-Care
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