THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ARM EXERCISES AND THE INCIDENCE OF LYMPHEDEMA IN POST-MASTECTOMY BREAST CANCER PATIENTS IN RSUPH ADAM MALIK MEDAN

Authors

  • Helinida Saragih Faculty of Nursing , University of Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
  • Ikhsanudin A. Harahap Faculty of Nursing , University of Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
  • Nurmaini Faculty of Nursing , University of Sumatera Utara, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31674/mjn.2021.v12i04.006

Abstract

Breast cancer is a malignant neoplasm, an abnormal growth of breast tissue that does not see the surrounding tissue, grows infiltrative and destructive, and can metastasize. Every breast cancer patient experiences side effects from various treatment treatments. This is because the therapy that each patient gets varies and also that cancer patients have different genetic backgrounds and different environments. Mastectomy in breast cancer patients can cause many patients to suffer from decreased joint mobility, lymphedema, and limitation in daily activities. These complaints can be overcome with arm exercises. Arm exercises are done to improve circulation and muscle strength and to prevent joint stiffness, preventing lymphedema from occurring. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of arm exercises on lymphedema prevention. The research design was a quasi-experimental study with a sample size of 64 respondents. The results of the study were p value = 0.001. It is hoped that this study can be used as an education for post-mastectomy patients to improve lymph flow so that lymph flow obstruction does not occur.

Keywords:

Breast Cancer, Mastectomy, Lymphedema, Arm Exercises

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Andrews, G. (2010). Buku Ajar Kesehatan Reproduksi Wanita. 2nd edition, Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC.

Brunner & Suddarth (2002). Buku ajar keperawatan medikal bedah Brunner & Suddarth. Vol. 1. (8th ed). (Agung Waluyo, Made Karyasa, Julia, Y. Kuncara & Yasmin Asih, Penerjemah). Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC.

Dell, D. (2001). Regaining range of motion after breast surgery. Nursing, 31(10), 50.

Dennis, L. K., Tsai, R. J., Lynch, C. F., Snetselaar, L. G., Zamba, G. K. D. & Scott-Cornner, C. (2009). The Risk of Developing Arm Lymphedema Among Breast Cancer Survivors: A Meta-Analysis of Treatment Factors. Annals of Surgical Oncology, 16, hlm 1959-1972.

Tsai, R.J., Dennis, L.K., Lynch, C.F., Snetselaar, L.G., Zamba, G.K. & Scott-Conner, C. (2009). The risk of developing arm lymphedema among breast cancer survivors: a meta-analysis of treatment factors. Annals of Surgical Oncology, 16(7), pp 1959-1972.

Dewi, F. I. R. & Djoenaina, V.M. (2004). Hubungan antara resiliensi dengan depresi pada perempuan pasca pengangkatan payudara (mastektomi). Jurnal Psikologi, 2(2), pp 101-120.

Dharma Kelana, K. (2011). Metodologi Penelitian Keperawatan: Panduan Melaksanakan dan Menerapkan Hasil Penelitian. Jakarta: Trans Info Media.

Gautam, A. P., Maiya, A. G. & Vidyasagar, M. S. (2011). Effect of Home-Based Exercise Program on Lymphedema and Quality of Life in Female Postmastectomy Patients: Pre-Post Intervention Study. Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, 48(10), pp 1261-1268.

Lee, K. T., Mun, G. H., Lim, S. Y., Pyon, J. K., Oh, K. P. & Bang, S. I. (2013). The Impact of Immediate Breast Reconstruction on Post-Mastectomy Lymphedema in Patients Undergoing Modified Radikal Mastectomy. Elsevier Ltd. All Rights Reserved, 28(1), pp 59-64.

Oemiati, R., Rahajeng, E., & Kristanto, A. Y. (2012). Prevalensi tumor dan beberapa faktor yang mempengaruhinya di Indonesia. Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan, 39(4).

Polit, D. F. & Beck, C. T. (2012). Nursing Research: Generating and Assessing Evidence for Nursing Practice. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Potter & Perry. (2006). Buku Ajar Fundamental Keperawatan. Jakarta: EGC

Rivere, A. E., & Klimberg, V. S. (2018). Lymphedema in the postmastectomy patient: pathophysiology, prevention, and management. In The Breast (pp. 514-530). Elsevier.

Smeltzer, S.C. & Bare, B.G. (2001). Buku Ajar Keperawatan Medikal Bedah Brunner & Suddarth, Edisi 8 Volume 2, Jakarta: Buku Kedokteran EGC.

Wiharja, A. (2016). The New Perspective of Exercise as a Breast Cancer Therapy. Journal of Medicine and Health. 1(1), pp 287-295.

Published

2021-04-01

How to Cite

Helinida Saragih, Ikhsanudin A. Harahap, & Nurmaini. (2021). THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ARM EXERCISES AND THE INCIDENCE OF LYMPHEDEMA IN POST-MASTECTOMY BREAST CANCER PATIENTS IN RSUPH ADAM MALIK MEDAN . The Malaysian Journal of Nursing (MJN), 12(4), 37-40. https://doi.org/10.31674/mjn.2021.v12i04.006