COMPARISON OF TABLETOP DISASTER EXERCISE (TDE) AND EDUCATIONAL FILM ON DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AMONG INDONESIAN VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT: A QUASI-EXPERIMENTAL STUDY
Background. Teenagers play an essential role in the Disaster Risk Reduction program or DRR. Teenagers need to get adequate knowledge related to disasters through disaster education. Various studies have been conducted to obtain effective media in disaster education, some of them are Tabletop Disaster Education (TDE) and educational film. However, there are no studies yet comparing the effectiveness of these media in increasing disaster preparedness.
Aim. The purpose of this study is to compare TDE and educational film in increasing disaster preparedness in flash floods for vocational students.
Method. A quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest nonequivalent control group was used in this study. One hundred and four students in tenth-grade vocational high school participated in this study and were divided into two groups, TDE group, and the educational film group. Samples were taken using a simple random sampling technique. Data were analyzed using paired t-test and independent t-test with SPSS software version 22.0.
Result. There was a significant difference in disaster preparedness between the two groups before and after treatment (p = 0.000), and there was a significant difference in disaster preparedness between the TDE and educational film (p = 0.000), with a higher variance of TDE of 6.94.
Conclusion. This study demonstrated that there was a significant difference in disaster preparedness between two groups, and TDE showed better results in increasing disaster preparedness among students compared to the educational film.
Recommendation. Further research is needed that involves confounding factors of academic intelligence and knowledge retention in both media TDE and educational film.
Keywords:Tabletop Disaster Exercise, Educational Film, Disaster Preparedness
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