DETERMINANTS OF FAMILY PLANNING AMONG MYANMAR WOMEN: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW
Background: Family planning is achieved by using contraceptive methods and the treatment of involuntary infertility. In Myanmar, although the contraceptive prevalence rate is increasing, it still needs to reach 60% in family planning 2020 commitment. This review is aimed to explore the determinants that can improve or inhibit contraceptive usage among Myanmar women. Methods: 88 articles are found through searching in PubMed, Scopus, EBSCO and ProQuest. Nine articles which meet inclusion and exclusion criteria are selected. Results: Four main themes emerged. These are socio-demographic factors (age, level of education, marital duration, number of living children, religion, occupation, income), cognitive factors (knowledge), affective factors (attitude and motivation including support from health care providers, family, friend as well as husband and health education) and availability of service (distance form health care place, service available for 24 hours, cost). Conclusion: The findings will be supported to information about the needs and gaps in implementing family planning. It is recommended that knowledge on determinants of family planning is helpful to improve family planning program in both urban and rural communities.
Keywords:Contraceptive Usage, Family Planning, Myanmar Women
Aung, M. S., Soe, P. P., & Moh, M. M. (2019). Predictors of Modern Contraceptive Use and Fertility Preferences among Men in Myanmar: Further Analysis of the 2015-16 Demographic and Health Survey. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health, 6(10), 4209-4217.
Department of Economic and Social Affairs. (2015). Trends in Contraceptive Use Worldwide2015https://www.un.org/development/desa/pd/sites/www.un.org.development.desa.pd/files/ undesa_pd_report_2015_trends_contraceptive_use.pdf
Department of Public Health (2015). Costed Implementation Plan to meet FP2020 Commitments Myanmar 2014. https://www.familyplanning2020.org/sites/default/files/FPAP- April-2015-formatted_30June2015_wt-signature.pdf
Department of Economic and Social Affair (2018). World Contraceptive Use 2018. https://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/publications/dataset/contraception/wcu2 018.asp
Jirapongsuwan, A., Latt, K.T., Siri, S., & Munsawaengsub C. (2016). Family Planning Practice among Rural Reproductive-Age Married Women in Myanmar. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, 28(4), 303-312.
Lwin, M. M., Munsawaengsub, C., & Nanthamongkokchai, S. (2013). Factors Influencing Family Planning Practice among Reproductive Age Married Women in Hlaing Township, Myanmar. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, 96(Suppl 5), 98-106.
Ministry of Health and Sports. (2017a). Myanmar Family Planning Landscape Analysis https://www.familyplanning2020.org/sites/default/files/Jhpiego-FP2020-FP-Landscape- Analysis_final-approved.pdf
Ministry of Health and Sports. (2017b). Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey 2015-16. https://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/FR324/FR324.pdf
Mon, M. M., & Liabsuetrakul, T. (2012). Predictors of Contraceptive Use among Married Youths and Their Husbands in a Rural Area of Myanmar. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, 24(1), 151-160.
Myint, A. H., Tiraphat, S., & Chompikul, J. (2018). Determinants of the Unmet Need for Family Planning among Married Fecund Women in Natmauk Township, Magway Region of Myanmar. Journal of Public Health and Development, 16(2), 41-57.
Nyein, C., Keiwkarnka, B., & Sillabutra, J. (2014). Factors Affecting the Birth Spacing Among Rural Pregnant Women in Salin Township, Myanmar. Journal of Health Research, 28(3), 165- 171.
Tun, S., Perngparn, U., & Areesantichai, C. (2019). Factors Affecting Utilization of Family Planning Services Among Married Women of Reproductive Age Living in the Rural Area of Kayin State, Myanmar. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Publications, 2(1), 7680.
Wai, M. M., Bjertness, E., Stigum, H., Htay, T. T., Liabsuetrakul, T., Myint, A. N. M., & Sundby, J. (2019). Unmet Need for Family Planning Among Urban and Rural Married Women in Yangon Region, Myanmar: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(19), 3742.
Win, Y. Y., Lwin, A. M. M., Aung, T., Maung, C. N., Toe. M. M., Myint, Y. Y., & Oo, H. N.(2013). Currently Married Urban and Rural Women in Meiktila Township: Qualitative Study on Contraceptive Use. The Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal, 25(2), 143-148.
World Health Organization (2020). Family Planning/Contraception Methods. https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/family-planning-contraception
Zar, K. T. & Perngparn, U. (2011). Contraception usage among married women of reproductive age in Mandalay, Myanmar. Journal of Health Research, 25(2), 101–103.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 The Malaysian Journal of Nursing (MJN)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.