• Dwi Atmaji Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Zuly Qodir Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta, Indonesia


Local government in Indonesia adapted to the development legislation of an ideal tourist destination; ethically and aesthetically the local area is known as value-local culture. Gunungkidul Regency is an area that has tourism potential with the number of tourists increasing every year; this can indicate that these tourism objects are well managed. However, Gunungkidul Regency is still one of the areas with underdevelopment, the highest poverty rate indicator in DIY. Community groups have not been thoroughly involved as well as several other tourist objects that have not been managed as tourist destinations. Tourism activities need to be supported by policies that regulate tourism actors in carrying out their activities. This research method is a qualitative method with a literature study model that aims to describe the implementation of policies to increase tourist destinations based on local wisdom which comes from various other types of reading, such as previous research, news articles, and others. Target indicator sets more towards material things. The current policy for increasing tourist destinations in Gunungkidul Regency has not prioritized the value base of local wisdom. Furthermore, it discusses the implementation and obstacles faced in relation to the policies to increase tourist destinations based on local wisdom. The implementation of policies in terms of resources leads to the value of local wisdom in developing human resources which ultimately leads to material benefits. There has been no implementation that leads to local wisdom values ​​of natural resource conservation, social, ethical, and moral meanings. The implementation of policies in terms of communication between the public and the government is good enough, however, among tourism business actors is not optimal.


Implementation, Policy, Tourism, Local Wisdom, Gunungkidul


Download data is not yet available.


Adinugroho, G. (2017). The Relationship of Tourism Development to the Regional Economy in South Gunungkidul. Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning, 1(1), 16-27.

Agustina, I.H., Hindersah, H., & Asiyawati, Y. (2017). Identification of Heritage Symbols of the Kasepuhan Kingdom. Ethos: Journal of Research and Service, 5(2), 167-174.

Ahdiati, T. & Kusumanegara, S. (2020). Local Wisdom and Identity Development for Promotion of Cultural Tourism in Banyumas Regency. Journal of Applied Tourism, 4(1), 25-34.

Ain, N. (2019, September 9). Gunungsewu Gunung Kidul Bertahan Jadi Geopark Dunia UNESCO. Republika. https://www.republika.co.id/berita/pxi8ws382/gunungsewu-gunung-kidul-bertahan-jadi-geopark-dunia-unesco

Aji, R.R. (2020). Coastal Tourism Components in the Regional Economy of Gunungkidul Regency. Journal of Research and Community Service, 8(1), 9-15.

Anjelina, L. (2017). Implementasi Kebijakan Pengembangan Objek Wisata Pantai Tanjung Setia Kecamatan Pesisir Selatan Kabupaten Pesisir Barat. [PhD Thesis. University of Lampung]. Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, University of Lampung. http://digilib.unila.ac.id/27446/

Bakti, I., Sumartias, S., Damayanti, T., & Nugraha, A.R. (2018). Development of a Tourism Communication Model Based on Local Wisdom in the Pangandaran Geopark Area. Journal of Communication Studies, 6(2), 217-230.

Bawono, S.E. (2014). Gunungkidul 360º sebagai Rural Tourism Development Plan. Academia. https://www.academia.edu/24769999/GUNUNGKIDUL_360o_sebagai_RURAL_TOURISM_DEVELOPMENT_PLAN

BPS. (Badan Pusat Sttistik Kabupaten Gunungkidul). (2021a). Jumlah Objek Wisata (Unit), 2018-2020. https://gunungkidulkab.bps.go.id/indicator/16/129/1/jotal-objek-wisata.html

BPS. (Badan Pusat Sttistik Kabupaten Gunungkidul). (2021b). Jumlah Wisawatan (Jiwa), 2018-2020. https://gunungkidulkab.bps.go.id/indicator/16/124/1/jotal-wisawatan.html

Budiana, H.R., Bajari, A., & Mulyawan, R. (2020). Transformation of Sabilulungan values in public service communication activities in Bandung Regency Government. Journal of Communication Studies, 8(1), 42-56.

Cahyono, A.E., & Putra, Y.B.T. (2017). Analysis of the Economic Potential of Agro-tourism Development Based on Local Wisdom in Sumbermujur Tourism Village, Lumajang Regency. Eco-Socio: Journal of Economic Science and Education, 1(1), 14-22.

Christanti, E. (2019). Implementation of Tourism Policies Based on Local Assistance (Case Study of West Kotawaringin District). Journal of Management and Accounting Sciences, 7(1), 8-14.

Darmalaksana, W. (2020). Qualitative Research Methods Literature Study and Field Studies. [Unpublished PhD thesis]. Pre-Print Digital Library of UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung.

Darwance, D. & Rendy, R. (2018). Activation and Mobilization of a Tourism Conscious Community Based on Local Wisdom, Baharism, & Sustainable Green Tourism. Journal of Community Service, 5(2), 14-23.

Fadhlurrohman, M.I., Purnomo, E.P., & Malawani, A.D. (2020). Analysis of Sustainable Health Development in Indonesia (Sustainable Development Goals). Indonesian Journal of Environmental Health, 19(2), 133-143.

Fitriana, E., & Ridlwan, M.K. (2017). Ecotourism Development Based on Creative Industry Based on Local Wisdom in Palangkaraya. Proceeding of Community Development, 1(32), 269-278.

Gustini, Y., Sanusi, I., & Muchtar, K. (2018). Government Efforts in Forming the Image of Purwakarta Through Global Local Wisdom. Public Relations: Journal of Public Relations, 3(4), 97-115.

Hannan, A. & Rahmawati, F. (2020). Sustainable Regional Tourism Development Strategy through the Concept of Ecotourism Based on Local Wisdom in Indonesia. ENTITY: Journal of Social Science Education and Social Sciences, 2(1), 97-119.

Hartono, N. (2017). The Development Policy of the North Zone Tourism Area of Gunungkidul District by the Local Government through the Object of Restaurant Batara Embung [PhD Thesis, State University of Yogyakarta]. Faculty of Social Science, State University of Yogyakarta. http://eprints.uny.ac.id/52972/5/Ringkasan%2010401241017.pdf

Herlandi, G. (2020). Baron Beach Tourism Development Policy, Gunungkidul District [PhD Thesis. Sekolah Tinggi Pembangunan Masyarakat Desa “APMD”, Yogyakarta]. Program Magister ILMU Pemerintahan Sekolah Tinggi Pembangunan Masyarakat Desa “APMD”, Yogyakarta. http://repo.apmd.ac.id/1359/1/GILANG%20HERLANDI.pdf

Hernawan, D., & Pratidina, G. (2015). The Model of Tourism Development Policy Implementation in the Policy Implementation Model of Tourism Development in Order to Increase Tourism Destination Places in Bogor Regency. Journal of the Social Humanities, 6(2), 94-103.

Huda, I.A.S. & Matondang, M.F.G. (2020). 5 Coastal Tourism Potential Development Strategy in Saptosari District, Gunung Kidul Regency. Journal of Geographies, 9(1), 13-22.

Husna, F.K. & Nurokhmini, A. (2018, September 29). Improvement of Community Welfare Based on Tourism Policy in Gunungkidul Regency. [Paper presentation]. Proceeding Seminar Nasional & Call for Papers. Surakarta. http://prosiding.stie-aas.ac.id/index.php/prosenas/article/view/12

Jupir, M.M. (2013). Implementation of Local Wisdom-Based Tourism Policies (Study in West Manggarai Regency). Journal of Indonesian Tourism and Development Studies, 1(1), 28-38.

Kusumaningrum, A. (2009). Development of Wediombo Beach Tourism Objects as a Tourist Attraction in Gunungkidul Regency [Final Report, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta]. D III Usaha Perjalanan Wisata Fakultas Sastra Dan Seni Rupa Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta. https://core.ac.uk/display/12351523

Manteiro, M.C.B. (2016). Local Wisdom-Based Tourism Village Development Model as Poverty Alleviation Strategy in Rote Ndao Regency, East Nusa Tenggara. Journal of Business & Management, 2(2), 93-101.

Mastika, I.K. (2018). Development of Ecotourism Based on Local Wisdom in the Former Region of Besuki, East Java. Journal of the Masters of Tourism, 4(2), 240-252.

Maulidia, R. (2017, August 12). Geopark Gunung Sewu Yogyakarta Tawarkan 13 Geosite. Akurat. https://akurat.co/geopark-gunung-sewu-yogyakarta-tawarkan-13-geosite

Rahmi, S.A. (2016). Tourism Development in the Perspective of Local Wisdom. The Reformation, 6(1), 76-84.

Rakib, M. (2020). Local Wisdom Based Creative Economy Development Strategy as a Tourist Attraction. Journal of Tourism, 1(2), 54-69.

Saputra, F.B. & Rijanta, R. (2018). Strategy for Supporting the Poor People in the Management of Ecotourism in Pindul Cave in Bejiharjo Village, Gunungkidul Regency. Journal of Bumi Indonesia, 7(3), 1-11.

Sudaryanto, A. (2018). Nilai-Nilai Kearifan Lokal Yang Diterapkan Dalam Pengelolaan Tanah Pariwisata Sri Gethuk Di Bleberan, Playen, Gunung Kidul. Mimbar Hukum - Fakultas Hukum Universitas Gadjah Mada, 30(1), 78-93.

Sudaryanto, S. (2019). Implementation of Gunungkidul Regency Tourism Development Policy [PhD Thesis. Sekolah Tinggi Pembangunan Masyarakat Desa “APMD”, Yogyakarta]. Program Magister ILMU Pemerintahan Sekolah Tinggi Pembangunan Masyarakat Desa “APMD”, Yogyakarta. http://repo.apmd.ac.id/760/1/SUDARYANTO%2017610033.pdf

Suhendroyono, S. & Novitasari, R. (2016). Management of Watu Payung Nature tourism as a culture-based tourism icon in Gunungkidul Yogyakarta. Journal of Tourism, 10(1), 43-50.

Sumarni, S. (2020, October 14-15). Implementation of policies of the Ministry of Tourism and the creative economy in dealing with new customs adaptations in the field of tourism case study in Gunungkidul Regency Kabupaten. [Paper presentation]. The International Seminar on Regional Politics, Administration and Development 2020. http://repo.uum.edu.my/28057/

Utami, L.S.S. (2015). Intercultural Adaptation Theories. Journal of Communication, 7(2), 180-197.

Wazni, W., Harirah, Z., & Darmansyah, R. (2020). Evaluation of Tourism Development Policy Inputs Based on Local Wisdom in Siak Regency. Sebatik, 24(2), 178-186.

Wismayanti, K.W.D. (2009). Policy Implementation of Sustainable Tourism Development and Development Based on Local Wisdom in Bali (Case study: Jatiluwih Village, Tabanan Regency). Widya Sosiopolitika Scientific Journal, 2(1), 40-45.

Yoelianto, I. (2008). Development of coastal tourism objects along the Gunungkidul district [Final Report, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta]. D III Usaha Perjalanan Wisata Fakultas Sastra Dan Seni Rupa Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta. https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/12350938.pdf




How to Cite

Dwi Atmaji, & Zuly Qodir. (2021). POLICY IMPLEMENTATION TO IMPROVE TOURISM DESTINATION BASED ON LOCAL WISDOM IN GUNUNGKIDUL DISTRICT. International Journal on Recent Trends in Business and Tourism (IJRTBT), 5(3), 1-11. Retrieved from https://ejournal.lucp.net/index.php/ijrtbt/article/view/1355