THE POSITIVE EFFECT OF EDUCATIVE GAME TOOLS (PUZZLE) ON COGNITIVE LEVELS OF PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN (4-5 YEARS)
Children at the Pre-school age i.e. at 3-5 years old shows progressively motoric, cognitive, social and social skill development. In daily life, children must be given a stimulus to help the improvement and development of cognitive function at the early age. Playing at the early-age for children is very necessary. By playing, the learning process will be effective and promptly perceived when they play. One of the media of playing for children that function to stimulate cognitive development is puzzle game. Puzzle is a piece of thin paper comprising 2–3 pieces even 4–6 pieces that are made of wood or cardboard. One of the benefits of playing is good for development of children’s cognitive side. The aim of this research is to find out the influence of educative tool of game (puzzle) on the cognitive development of 4-5years old pre-children at RW.011 Pondok Pinang, Jakarta City Indonesia. The design of this research used pre-experiment with one-group pretest-posttest design approach. The sample consisted of 44 respondents by using non-probability sampling method. The result of Wilcoxon test on the intervening group obtained p value 0.0000 meaning there was influence on intervening group. Based on the above result, that giving educative tool of game like puzzle is suggested in order to improve the development of children’s cognitive side.