A Short Review on Breast Cancer


  • Asita Elengoe Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Applied Science, Lincoln University College, 47301 Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia




Worldwide, 685,000 people died in 2020 as a result of breast cancer, which affected 2.3 million women. The most common cancer in the globe as of the end of 2020 was breast cancer, which had been diagnosed in 7.8 million women in the previous five years. Every country in the globe experiences breast cancer in women after puberty at any age, albeit the incidence rates rise as people age. Obesity, alcohol consumption, smoking, family history of breast cancer, radiation exposure, reproductive history and postmenopausal hormone therapy are some of the factors that cause breast cancer. The most prevalent mutations in the genes BRCA1, BRCA2, and PALB-2 significantly increase the risk of developing breast cancer. Women who are determined to have mutations in these important genes may want to think about risk-reduction measures like having both breasts surgically removed. This review describes the causes, genetic alteration, signs, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment for breast cancer.


Breast cancer; Causes; Signs; Symptoms; Diagnosis; Treatment


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How to Cite

Elengoe, A. (2024). A Short Review on Breast Cancer. International Journal of Biotechnology and Biomedicine (IJBB), 1(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.31674/ijbb.2024.v01i01.001