Assessment of a Planned Intervention Regarding Awareness of Danger Signs in Children Under Five Years of Age Among Mothers Residing in A Selected Rural Community of West Bengal
Background: Over the past thirty years, largely due to the efforts of respective governments and healthcare institutions, significant improvement has been noted globally regarding child health and the survival rate. The present study was undertaken to improve mothers' awareness regarding danger signs in children under five years of age, as some danger signs can be preventable if identified early.
Objective: This study assessed the impact of intervention among rural mothers regarding danger signs in children under five years of age and the care seeking behaviour of mothers during the illness of their children.
Methodology: A community-based interventional study was conducted on rural mothers with children under the age of five. A total of 480 samples (240 in each arm—study and control) have been considered. Intervention was given by using IMNCI videos and charts with the help of a laptop and projector. Collected data were coded, entered, and analyzed in Excel and SPSS 20.
Results: From the study, it was seen that baseline knowledge of danger signs had improved among study group mothers after educational intervention. For the study group, there was a significant association between knowledge score and parents’ education, type of family, present age of mothers, and parity of mothers. For the control group, significant associations were found between knowledge score and religion, present age of mothers, parity of mothers, and mothers’ education.
Conclusion: To avoid deaths under five years of age among children, mothers’ awareness of danger signs in children is necessary with subsequent care seeking behavior and could be improved by repeated interventional strategies.
Keywords:Interventional Study, Danger Signs in Children, Mothers’ Knowledge
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