Resilience Influenced with Anxiety Level among Family with Elderly in Facing the Covid-19 Pandemic: A Correlational Study
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has a psychological effect on people who are anxious. In terms of individual psychological suffering, a major factor that is important in psychological resilience. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between the level of anxiety and the level of resilience of families who have the elderly in the COVID-19 pandemic at Ketajen Village, Gedangan District. Methods: The design of this study used a cross-sectional design with a sample of 171 respondents. Sample technique is selected by using simple random sampling. Reference levels are measured using a Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) and anxiety levels are measured using a Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HRS-A) with a spearman rho analysis test (p< 0.05). Results: The results showed that most families had moderate levels of resilience, as many as 121 respondents (70. 8%) and most families experienced mild anxiety levels as many as 121 respondents (70.8%). Spearman Rho test shows that the value of r = -0.313 with a value of = 0.000 (ρ%). The results show that there is a relationship between the level of resilience and the level of anxiety of families who have the elderly in the COVID-19 pandemic at the Ketajen Village, Gedangan District. Conclusion: The implications of this study suggest that high levels of resilience allow for lower levels of anxiety. So, with the ability of a person's resilience, they will be able to take the meaning of failure and try better than they ever did, thereby reducing the risk of anxiety.
Keywords:Resilience, Anxiety, Family
Abidin, A. Z., & Julianto, E. K. (2020). Hubungan Fungsi Pemeliharaan Kesehatan Keluarga dengan Pencegahan Penularan COVID19 bagi Lansia di Desa Kadungrejo Baureno Bojonegoro. Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Komunitas, 3(2), 1-9.
Efendi, F., Nursalam, N., Kurniati, A., & Gunawan, J. (2018, April). Nursing qualification and workforce for the association of Southeast Asian Nations economic community. In Nursing Forum (Vol. 53, No. 2, pp. 197-203). https://doi.org/10.1111/nuf.12243
Gayatri, M., & Irawaty, D. K. (2022). Family resilience during COVID-19 pandemic: A literature review. The Family Journal, 30(2), 132-138. https://doi.org/10.1177/10664807211023875
Irawan, A. W., Dwisona, D., & Lestari, M. (2020). Psychological impacts of students on online learning during the pandemic COVID-19. KONSELI: Jurnal Bimbingan dan Konseling (E-Journal), 7(1), 53-60. https://doi.org/10.24042/kons.v7i1.6389
Kasdi, A., & Saifudin, S. (2020). Resilience of muslim families in the pandemic era: Indonesian millennial muslim community's response against Covid-19. Jurnal Penelitian, 81-94.
Kimhi, S., Eshel, Y., Marciano, H., & Adini, B. (2020). Distress and resilience in the days of COVID-19: Comparing two ethnicities. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(11), 3956. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113956
Meng, H., Xu, Y., Dai, J., Zhang, Y., Liu, B., & Yang, H. (2020). Analyze the psychological impact of COVID-19 among the elderly population in China and make corresponding suggestions. Psychiatry Research, 289(112983), 19-21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.112983
Mikocka-Walus, A., Stokes, M. A., Evans, S., Olive, L., & Westrupp, E. (2020). Finding the Power Within: Is Resilience Protective Against Symptoms of Stress, Anxiety, and Depression in Australian Parents During the COVID-19 Pandemic?. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/v5gpm
Minannisa, C. (2021). Kondisi stress lansia dimasa pandemi COVID-19 dan pencegahannya. https://doi.org/10.31219/osf.io/j8t4y
Nicomedes, C. J. C., & Avila, R. M. A. (2020). An analysis on the panic during COVID-19 pandemic through an online form. Journal of Affective Disorders, 276, 14-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.06.046
Oktavia, W. K., & Muhopilah, P. (2021). Model konseptual resiliensi di masa pandemi COVID-19: Pengaruh religiusitas, dukungan sosial dan spiritualitas. Psikologika: Jurnal Pemikiran dan Penelitian Psikologi, 26(1), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.20885/psikologika.vol26.iss1.art1
Pasongli, G. S., & Malinti, E. (2021). Gambaran tingkat kecemasan keluarga tenaga kesehatan akibat pandemi covid-19. Coping: Community of Publishing in Nursing, 9, 127-134. https://doi.org/10.24843/coping.2021.v09.i02.p01
Ramdan, I. M. (2019). Reliability and validity test of the Indonesian version of the hamilton anxiety rating scale (ham-a) to measure work-related stress in nursing. Jurnal Ners, 14(1), 33. https://doi.org/10.20473/jn.v14i1.10673
Rayani, D., & Purqoti, D. N. S. (2020). Kecemasan Keluarga Lansia Terhadap Berita Hoax Dimasa Pandemi COVID-19. Realita: Jurnal Bimbingan dan Konseling, 5(1).
Ridlo, IA. (2020). Pandemi COVID-19 dan Tantangan Kebijakan Kesehatan Mental di Indonesia. Journal of Psychology and Mental Health, 5(2), 155-64. DOI https://doi.org/10.20473/jpkm.V5I22020.162-171
Salamah, A., Suryani, S., & Rakhmawati, W. (2020). Relationship Between Demographic Characteristics and Nursing Students' Resilience Working on Bachelor Thesis. J Psycho, 16(2), 110-125.
Setiawati, Y., Wahyuhadi, J., Joestandari, F., Maramis, M. M., & Atika, A. (2021). Anxiety and resilience of healthcare workers during COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, 14, 1. https://doi.org/10.2147/JMDH.S276655
Vibriyanti, D. (2020). Kesehatan mental masyarakat: mengelola kecemasan di tengah pandemi COVID-19. Jurnal Kependudukan Indonesia, 69-74. https://doi.org/10.14203/jki.v0i0.550
Zhang, J., Yang, Z., Wang, X., Li, J., Dong, L., Wang, F., ... & Zhang, J. (2020). The relationship between resilience, anxiety and depression among patients with mild symptoms of COVID‐19 in China: A cross‐sectional study. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 29(21-22), 4020-4029. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.15425
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 The Malaysian Journal of Nursing (MJN)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.