USE OF GADGET RELATIONSHIP WITH INDEPENDENCE IN ACTIVITIES DAILY LIFE IN CHILDHOOD PRESCHOOL
Background : Child independence is one of stages of growth and development in children. The use of gadgets can cause children to be more passive because they are more focused on gadgets. This study is intended to investigate the relationship between the use of gadgets and the independence of pre-school children.
Method : The study was designed using Cross-sectional approach. This study was conducted in Al-Fitroh Surabaya Kindergarten and Budi Mulya Surabaya Kindergarten samples with 104 respondents selected by cluster sampling technique. The research instrument was questionnaires assessment regarding both the use of gadgets and questionnaires independence pre-school children of which its validity and reliability test had been undertaken.
Result : The results of this study demonstrate the use of the gadgets were mostly of the medium category, the independence of preschool children, mostly in the medium category, and there is a relationship between the use of gadgets to the independence of preschool children. The relationship is not very strong as indicated by the test results of Spearman's Rho values obtained ρ-value= 0.004 (ρ<0.05) and the value of r=-0.327.
Conclusion : The use of gadgets in children requires time restrictions so that children do not just focus on gadgets and that children's daily activities do not decrease. Time limits must be implemented for the use of the gadget for the children, then the child will be able to perform more activities every day so that this can improve child’s independence.